Nephtys oligobranchia   Southern,  1921 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Nephtyidae

Description
Length: 1-2 cm

Elongated body with 50-60 segments. Proboscis with several rows of fleshy papillae on its surface and a circle of papillae at the tip. Anterior segments closely arranged while posterior once are broad and attached to each other with a narrow connection. Prostomium small, plate like with four antennae; first setigerous segment with setae on both rami, and without dorsal and ventral cirri. Parapodia biramous with both rami wide apart; small knob like dorsal and ventral cirri; setae in all feet similar. Long capillary setae with a flattened blade ending abruptly with a fine tip. Branchia appear from 5-7 segments and disappear by 30th segment; branchial filaments curved inwards and then projecting outwards; a single long anal cirrus.


Synonym (s)
Nephthys oligobranchia Southern, 1921
Nephtys oligobranchia Fauvel, 1932

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta (Lat: 7.21) (Long: 93.78) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• West Bengal, Salt Lakes INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Mergui MYANMAR
• West Bengal, Barrackpore INDIA (Record: 03/06/1986)
• West Bengal, Hugli, Uttarpara Library Ghat INDIA (Record: 10/06/1986)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, East Medinipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Misra, A; Soota, TD and Chowdhury, A (1983) On some polychaetes from Gangetic Delta, West Bengal, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81(1-2) 41-54 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Paul, S and Nandi, NC Studies on intertidal macrozoobenthos of Hugli river in and around Calcutta in relation to water and soil conditions Occasional paper no 213 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-135 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Inayat, AH and Glasby, CJ (2004) Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Natuna Islands, south China Sea The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 11 24-25
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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