Perinereis nigropunctata   (Horst,  1889) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Length: 5-6 cm

Color: Pale purplish brown. A V-shaped band behind the eyes. 3 transverse black spots on the back of the anterior segments.

Elongated worms. Proboscis with group I=4-8 big and conical paragnaths, II=10-18 small ones in a cluster, III-IV=several big paragnaths in cluster, V=3 in a triangle, VI-one stout and transverse barlike on either side, VII-VIII=several in band of two rows deep.

Both the rami of the feet bifid, with the dorsal ligule enlarged towards the posterior region; long dorsal cirri; ventral heterogomph falcigers with short and stout end-pieces.

Synonym (s)
Nereis nigro-punctata Horst, 1989
Perinereis nigropunctata Ben-Eliahu, 1991
Perinereis nigropunctata Ben-Eliahu, 1975
Perinereis nigropunctata Ben-Eliahu, 1972
Perinereis nigropunctata Ben-Eliahu & Safriel, 1982
Perinereis nigropunctata Fauvel, 1958
Perinereis nigropunctata Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Perinereis nigropunctata Gravier, 1899
Perinereis nigropunctata Gravier, 1902
Perinereis nigropunctata Gravier, 1900
Perinereis nigropunctata Hutchings et al., 1991
Perinereis nigropunctata Mohammad, 1980
Perinereis nigropunctata Fauvel, 1932
Perinereis nigropunctata Day, 1967
Nereis (Perinereis) yorkensis Augener, 1922
(Subjective synonym)
Nereis nigropunctata Horst, 1889
(Objective synonym)
Perinereis marjorii Southern, 1921
(Subjective synonym)
Perinereis nigro-punctata Horst, 1924
Perinereis yorkensis Augener, 1922a

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal


• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta (Lat: 7.21) (Long: 93.78) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai (Lat: 13.09) (Long: 80.29) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sagar Island (Lat: 21.72) (Long: 88.1) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Orissa, Arkhakuda INDIA
• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Island INDIA
• Red Sea
• West Bengal, Kachuberia INDIA (Record: 05/11/1975)
• West Bengal, Sunderbans, Jhingakhali INDIA (Record: 12/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Canning INDIA (Record: 25/09/1983)
• Gulf of Aden
• Arabian Gulf
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry Island INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Misra, A; Soota, TD and Chowdhury, A (1983) On some polychaetes from Gangetic Delta, West Bengal, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India 81(1-2) 41-54 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at -
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mohammad, MBM (1980) Polychaete annelids from Kuwaitian Islands, Arabian Gulf, with descriptions of four new species Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 69(1) 31-42 Available at - Zoological records
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at -
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH (1971) Polychaetes from Maharashtra and Goa Journal of Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 68(3) 726-749 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Parulekar, AH (1981) Marine fauna of Malvan, central west coast of India Mahasagar - Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography NIO 14(1) 33-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at -
  • Ghosh, A (1963) On a collection of polychaeta from the south-east coast of India with a new eunicid record Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 239-245 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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