Perinereis cultrifera   (Grube,  1840) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Image copyrights: BioLib

Size: Length 50-150 mm.

Color: Dark or yellowish green.

Prostomium sub-pyriform with dark longitudinal bands of pigments between anterior pair of eyes. Pharynx eversible with paragnaths on both rings. Notopodia with 2 blunt finger-like subequal ligules, and a small anterior acicular lobe; neuropodia with a bluntly conical setigerous lobe and a blunt inferior ligule. Notosetae homo- and heterogomph spinigers and heterogomph falcigers.

Synonym (s)
Perinereis cultrifera Amoureux et al., 1978
Perinereis cultrifera Ben-Eliahu, 1991
Perinereis cultrifera Ben-Eliahu, 1972
Perinereis cultrifera Day, 1965
Perinereis cultrifera Fauvel, 1918
Perinereis cultrifera Fauvel, 1927
Perinereis cultrifera Fauvel, 1933
Perinereis cultrifera Fauvel, 1957
Perinereis cultrifera Fauvel, 1919
Perinereis cultrifera Fauvel, 1958
Perinereis cultrifera Hartman, 1974
Perinereis cultrifera Hutchings et al., 1991
Spio ventilabrum Delle Chiaje in Quatrefages, 1866
(Subjective synonym)
Perinereis hedenborgi Kinberg, 1866
(Subjective synonym)
Nereis margaritacea Leach, 1816
(Subjective synonym)
Nereis incerta Quatrefage, 1866
Nereis cultrifera Grube, 1840
(Homotypic synonym)
Nereis beaucoudrayi Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833
(Subjective synonym)
Lycoris lobulata Savigny in Lamarck, 1818
(Subjective synonym)
Perinereis cultrifera Fauvel, 1923a
Perinereis floridana Ehlers, Gravier, 1901
Perinereis perspicillata Grube, 1878
Perinereis striolata Pruvot, 1930
Perinereis helleri Grube, 1878
Perinereis camiguina Grube, 1878
Perinereis obfuscata Grube, 1878

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7.24) (Long: 93.74) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 09/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 10/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sagar Island INDIA (Record: 10/05/1978)
• Gulf of Aden
• Red Sea
• West Bengal, Medinipur, Junput INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2002)
• Maharashtra, Mahim Creek (Lat: 19.03) (Long: 72.82) INDIA (Record: 11/1979-12/1980)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island, Gangasagar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at -
  • Fauvel, P (1941) On a small collection of Annelida Polychaeta of the Indian Museum, Calcutta Records of the Indian Museum ZSI, Calcutta 42 253-268 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at -
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Parulekar, AH; Dhargalkar, VK and Singbal, SYS (1980) Benthic studies in Goa estuaries: Part III- Annual cycle of macrofaunal distribution, production and trophic relations Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 9 189-200 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • A guide to Singapore Polychaetes Available at -
  • Manakadan, R and Pittie, A (2002) Standardized english and scientific names of the Indian subcontinent-2002 Newsletter for Birdwatchers S. Sridhar 42 p 35
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Misra, A and Chakraborty, RK (1991) Annelida: Polychaeta State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 137-165 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chandra, A and Chakraborty, SK (2008) Distribution, density and community ecology of macrobenthic intertidal polychaetes in the coastal tract of Midnapore, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 7-16 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • BioLib. cz Available at -
  • Varshney, PK and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos off Mahim (Bombay), west coast of India in relation to coastal pollution and aquaculture Journal of Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 47-56 Available at -
  • Sarkar, SK; Bhattacharya, A; Giri, S; Bhattacharya, B; Sarkar, D; ChandraNayak, D and Chattopadhaya, AK (2005) Spatiotemporal variation in benthic polychaetes (Annelida) and relationships with environmental variables in a tropical estuary Wetlands Ecology and Management 13 55-67 Available at -
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at -
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ghosh, A (1963) On a collection of polychaeta from the south-east coast of India with a new eunicid record Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 5(2) 239-245 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-03

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