Perinereis cavifrons   (Ehlers,  1920) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Nereididae

Description
Size: Length 60 mm

Body dorso-ventrally flattened and slightly tapering to both ends. Prostomium globular with 2 short frontal antennae and 2 thick, bulb-like palps. Eversible pharynx with paragnaths on both rings. Notopodia with 2 bluntly conical setigerous lobe and a thick, blunt inferior ligule. Notosetae homogomph spinigers only; neurosetae homo and heterogomph spinigers and heterogomph falcigers.


Synonym (s)
Nereis (Pernereis) cavifrons Ehlers, 1920
Nereis (Perinereis) cavifrons Ehlers, 1920
Nereis cavifrons Fauvel, 1953
Nereis cavifrons Cheriyan, 1966

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum Coast (Lat: 8.08) (Long: 77.25) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Harwood Point INDIA (Record: 11/09/1977)
• INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 1994, 1995, 1996, 2005)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Harbour-Thane creek system INDIA (Record: 1985-1986)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Fauvel, P (1941) On a small collection of Annelida Polychaeta of the Indian Museum, Calcutta Records of the Indian Museum ZSI, Calcutta 42 253-268 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sheeba, P Distribution of benthic infauna in the Cochin backwaters in relation to environmental parameters (Ph. D thesis-Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India) 241 pp Available at - Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India
  • Kumar, RS (1995) Macrobenthos in the mangrove ecosystem of Cochin backwaters, Kerala (southwest coast of India) Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 24 56-61 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mathew, A and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos in the nearshore coastal system of Bombay Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India (B: Biological Sciences) National Academy of Sciences, India 65 (IV) 411-430 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/2286
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saravanakumar, A; Serebiah, JS; Thivakaran, GA and Rajkumar, M (2007) Benthic macrofaunal assemblage in the arid zone mangroves of Gulf of Kachchh – Gujarat Journal of Ocean University of China Ocean University of China 6(3) 303 -309 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-007-0303-3
  • Devi, KS; Sheba, P; Balasubramanian, T; Venugopal, P and Sankaranarayanan, VN (1996) Benthic fauna of southwest and southeast coasts of India The Fourth Indian Fisheries Forum Proceedings, Kochi, Kerala Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch, Mangalore 9-12 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1839/2/Fourth_Indian_Fish_Forum_Proc_1999_9.pdf
  • Martin, GD; Nisha, PA; Balachandran, KK; Madhu, NV; Nair, M; Shaiju, P; Joseph, T; Srinivas, K; and Gupta, GVM (2011) Eutrophication induced changes in benthic community structure of a flow-restricted tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters), India Environ Monit Assess Springer Science 176 427–438 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1594-1
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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