Cassiopea andromeda   (Forsskal,  1775) (Jellyfish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Scyphozoa

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Size: Bell diameter 65 mm

Bell with a slightly raised dome in the centre about 12 mm high, flat, shield-shaped. Marginal lappets short and blunt. Mouth-arms dorso-ventrally flattened, long but not extending much beyond bell margin. Four short branches arising from each arm irregularly. Vesicles of two kinds: small ones numerous and large ones (2-3) club-shaped on each arm between the mouths.

Synonym (s)
Medusa andromeda Forskal, 1775
Cassiopea andromeda Neumann, 1977

Common Name (s)
• Upside Down Jellyfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Pelagic, Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA (Record: 1931)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 1931)
• West Coast INDIA (Record: 1916)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 04/11/1922)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Records of the Zoological Survey of India Publication Division by the Director ZSI 101(Part 1-2) 240
  • Ramakrishna and Sarkar, J On the Scyphozoa from east coast of India including Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramkrishnan and Srakar, J (2003) On the scyphozoa from east coast of India, including Andaman and Nicobar Islands Records of The Zoolgical survey of India 101(1-2) 25-56 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Haldar, BP and Choudhury, A (1995) Medusae: Cnidaria Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 9-30 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Starfish Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Mitra, S (2010) Cnidarian fauna in Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 133-139 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-20

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