Hilsa (Tenualosa) ilisha   (Hamilton - Buchanan)  (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: ENVIS

Size: 460 mm

Body compressed, oblong. Abdomen serrated. Head large, high compressed. Snout rounded. Mouth terminal, cleft not extending to orbit. Eyes large, lateral, with adipose lid. Lips moderately thick. Jaws sub-equal. Jaws and palate edentate. Dorsal fin inserted in advance of pelvic fins. Anal fin short. Caudal fin forked. Silvery, shot with gold and purple, no spots in the adult, but a row of them along the upper third of the body in the immature; the most distinct of which is behind the upper third of opercle.

Synonym (s)
Clupanodon ilisa Hamilton-Buchanan 1822

Common Name (s)
• Hilsa (English)
• Ilish
• Polusu (Telugu)
• Palasha
• Jodi
• Ilisha
• Indian shad (English)
• Paliya (Kannada)
• Palasa (Kannada)
• Mallas (Kannada)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Orissa, Jambu Island (Lat: 20.42) (Long: 86.72) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Environmental Information System Centre, Karnataka Available at - http://parisaramahiti.kar.nic.in/
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mishra, SS; Pradhan, P; Kar, S and Chakraborty, SK (2003) Records of the Zoological Survey of India: Ichthyofaunal diversity of Midnapore, Bankura and Hooghly districts, south west Bengal ZSI, Kolkata 65 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-31

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