Octophialucium indicum   Kramp,  1955 (Hydrozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Hydrozoa
Order:Leptothecata
Family:Malagazziidae

Description
Size: Bell diameter 5-7 mm.

Bell disc-like, thick jelly. Stomach short, mouth with eight short lips having crenulated margin. Radial canals narrow, eight in number, extending almost to the centre. Gonads very short, placed near the umbrella margin. Tentacles 18-20, very short and spirally coiled. Tentacle bulb conical, having prominent excretory papilla. Marginal bulbs between two successive tentacles rudimentary and of equal size. Velum narrow.


Synonym (s)
Octocanna polynema Menon, 1932
Octophialucium indicum Kramp, 1958

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine

Biogeography


• Kerala, Trivandrum Coast (Lat: 8.48) (Long: 76.92) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Dharamtar Estuary (Lat: 18.75) (Long: 72.84) INDIA
• West Bengal, Off Jambudwip INDIA (Record: 07/12/1980)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 69) INDIA (Record: 1985-1987) (Depth: 150 mts)
• Lakshadweep Islands (Lat: 18) (Long: 76) INDIA (Record: 1985-1987) (Depth: 150 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Harbour (Lat: 18.70) (Long: 72.85) INDIA (Record: 09/1984-11/1985) (Depth: 2.5-14 mts)
• Maharashtra, Dharamtar Creek (Lat: 18.86) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 09/1984-11/1985) (Depth: 2.5-14 mts)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Exclusive Economic Zone INDIA (Record: 1986-1990) (Depth: 150 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Vannucci, M and Navas, D (1973) Distribution of Hydromedusae in the Indian Ocean Ecological studies- Analysis & Synthesis 3 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beebe, CW (1910) XXVII. Catalogue of the pheasants, peafowl, jungle fowl and spur fowl in the Indian Museum Records of the Indian Museum ZSI 5(Part IV) 263-275 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • Santhakumari, V (1993) A study of Medusae from Andaman and Nicobar waters The Journal of the Zoological Society of Kerala 3(1) 37-43 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Panikkar, NK (1973) Hand book to the international zooplankton collections Volume. 5 Indian Ocean Biological Center 5 1-210 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Santhakumari, V and Nair, VR (1999) Distribution of hydromedusae from the exclusive economic zone of the west and east coasts of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 150-157 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Santhakumari, V; Tiwari, LR and Nair, VR (1999) Species composition, abundance and distribution of hydromedusae from Dharamtar estuarine system, adjoning Bombay harbour Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 158-162 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Haldar, BP and Choudhury, A (1995) Medusae: Cnidaria Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 9-30 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Santhakumari, V (1996) Medusae from the sea around Laccadive group of islands (7 degrees-18 degrees N/69 degrees-76 degrees E) Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada Department of Ocean Development, New Delhi, India 249-255 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tiwari, LR and Nair, VR (2002) Plankton biodiversity of Dharamtar creek adjoining Mumbai harbour Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves - Pollution and Conservation Vidya Prasarak Mandal's B.N. Bandodkar College of Science; Thane, India 96-102p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1356
  • Mitra, S (2010) Cnidarian fauna in Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 133-139 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Santhakumari, V (1997) Species composition, distribution and abundance of hydromedusae in the Exclusive Economic Zone of the east coast of India Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory Sirahama 38(1-2) 53-61 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-02

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