Anguilla bicolor bicolor   McClelland,  1844 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Aqua Trade International

Max. size: 120 cm TL.

Max. weight: 3800 g.

Color: Olive to dark bluish-brown dorsally, lighter ventrally from jaw to anus.

Snake-like body, with minute embedded scales. Head 6-8 in length. Mouth slightly oblique, extends beyond the eyes. Snout rather broad. Teeth small, conical; no edentulous grooves in teeth bands. Dorsal fin originating nearly above anus. Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 240-245, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 200-220, Vertebrae: 105-115.

Migratory species which breeds in the ocean. Lives in freshwater areas as adult, in estuaries and seas as young. Descends to the sea to spawn.
Feeds on small fishes and crustaceans. Caught with various types of nets.

Max reported age: 20 years.

Remarks: Values in above description denotes proportions.

Synonym (s)
Anguilla amblodon Gunther, 1867
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla australis (non Richardson, 1841)
Anguilla bicolor Day, 1878
Anguilla bicolor Mc Clelland, 1844
(Senior synonym)
Anguilla bicolor bicolor Talwar and Jhingran, 1991
Anguilla bleekeri Kaup, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla cantori Kaup, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla dussumieri Kaup, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla malabarica Kaup, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla mauritiana (non Bennett, 1831)
Anguilla spengeli Weber, 1912
(junior synonym)
Anguilla virescens (Peters, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Muraena macrocephala Rapp, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Muraena mossambica (non Peters, 1852)
Muraena virescens Peters, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla bicolor bicolor Mcclelland, 1844
(Senior synonym)
Anguilla malgumora (non Kaup, 1856)
(Misapplied name)
Muraena moa (Bleeker, 1850)
(Junior synonym)
Anguilla bicolor McClelland, 1845
Anguilla bicolor bicolor Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Anguilla mowa Bleeker, 1853

Common Name (s)
• Short Fin Eel (English)
• Indian Short Finned Eel (English)
• Level Finned Eel (English)
• Northern Eel (English)
• River Eel (English)
• Short Finned Eel (English)
• Tuna (English)
• Hanchu (Kannada)
• Hanchumeenu (Kannada)
• Mlangil (Malayalam)
• Vilangu (Malayalam)
• Kakkutu Anda (Sinhala)
• Mada Anda (Sinhala)
• Valuveng (Mahl)
• Malangil (Malayalam)
• Malanjil (Malayalam)
• Vilaangu (Tamil)
• Vilangu (Tamil)
• Indonesian Shortfin Eel (English)
• Shortfin Eel
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Rocky, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, molluscs, small fishes


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• West Coast, Malabar (Lat: 10) (Long: 76.25) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Karnataka, Off Karwar INDIA (Depth: 6-7 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • (1998) Marine crabs of India National Institute of Oceanography Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Mukherjee, P (1995) Intertidal fishes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 345-388 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Muraenidae-Eel Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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