Microphis cuncalus   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Sreekantha

Size: 8.1-17.5 cm SL

Color: In fresh condition, the body is olive green above and dirty white below with a silvery Opercle. A spotted stripe along the sides of the body. Caudal fin reddish in color with yellow margin.

Body elongate, trunk region heptagonal and tail tetragonal. Superior trunk and tail ridges discontinuous. Inferior trunk ridge ends at anal ring, lateral trunk ridge confluent with inferior tail ridge. Sub-dorsal rings without supplemental body ridges and scutella without keel. Dorsal fin origin on the trunk rings. Opercle without supplemental ridges below the longitudinal ridge. Brood pouch present under the trunk.

Dioecious, ovoviviparous, fertilization in brood pouch or similar structure. Bearers, external brooders. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail.

Synonym (s)
Doryichthys cuncalus Day, 1878
Microphis cuncalus Talwar and Jhingran, 1991
Syngnathus cuncalus Hamilton, 1822
Doryichthys chokderi Rahman, 1976
(Junior synonym)
Doryichthys cuncalus (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Microphis cuncalus (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Paramicrophis schmidti Klausewitz, 1955
(Junior synonym)
Syngnathus cuncalus Hamilton, 1822
Syngnathus cuncalus Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Doryichthys chokderi Rahman, 1976
Doryichthys cuncalus (Hamilton, 1822)
Paramicrophis schmidti Klausewitz, 1955

Common Name (s)
• Crocodile Tooth Pipe Fish (English)
• Kolan (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 00/11/2006-00/12/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Dhanya, S; Rajagopal, S and Balasubramanian, T (2007) On the occurrence of pipefishes in Vellar estuary, Parangipettai Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 237-238 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-09

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