Saurida tumbil   (Bloch,  1795) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Aulopiformes
Family:Synodontidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 20-60 cm.

Color: Back and upper sides brown, lower sides and belly white; sometimes traces of faint darker cross-bars on back; inner side of pelvic fins dusky black, except for their margins; stomach white.

Body elongate, cylindrical, with lizard-like head and adipose fin. 3 or more rows of teeth on anterior part of outer palatine tooth bands. Pectoral fins just reaching to level of pelvic fin base; pelvic fin rays almost equal in length. Dorsal soft rays (total) 11-13, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 10-11. Pectoral fin with 14-15 rays, reaching to pelvic fin base. Mouth large. Teeth in jaws are arranged in several rows. The anterior part of outer palatine has 3 rows of teeth.

Dioecious, external fertilization, non-guarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.


Synonym (s)
Saurida tumbil Day, 1877
Saurida tumbil Talwar and Kacker, 1884
Salmo tumbil Bloch, 1795
(Senior synonym)
Saurida argyrophanes (Richardson, 1846)
(Junior synonym)
Saurida australis Castelnau, 1879
(Junior synonym)
Saurida ferox Ramsay, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Saurida truculenta Macleay, 1881
(Junior synonym)
Saurida tumbil (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Saurus argyrophanes Richardson, 1846
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Greater Lizard Fish (English)
• Chorbombil (Marathi)
• Thumbli (Tamil)
• Cul Nahmacunda (Tamil)
• Naimeeen Puna (Tamil)
• Oolooway (Tamil)
• Greater Lizard (English)
• Chor Bumla (Gujarati)
• Arranna (Malayalam)
• Chor Bombil (Marathi)
• Naimeen Puna (Tamil)
• Bade Mottah (Telugu)
• Lizard fish (English)
• Bali Girrida
• Thumbili
• Greater Lizardfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Sandy, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, benthic crustaceans, cephalopods, finfish, crabs, shrimps, bony fish, Young fish and copepods

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Red Sea
• SOUTH AFRICA
• TANZANIA
• MADAGASCAR
• Gulf of Oman
• PAKISTAN
• Maharashtra, Mirkarwada INDIA
• Maharashtra, Jaigad INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Coast INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 33-235 mts)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 33-235 mts)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ramanathapuram INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 10-75 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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