Stolephorus heterolobus [Status Unaccepted]   (Ruppell,  1837) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Size: 9 cm.

Color: Light transparent fleshy brown with a bright silvery stripe along the flanks

The body is slender and subcylindrical in cross-section. The head is short, usually more than 4 times in standard length. The snout is prominent and pointed. The tip of the maxilla is pointed, reaching onto the pre-opercle. The dorsal and anal fins have 2 unbranched fin rays each and these are followed by 11 to 13 branched rays for the dorsal fin and 14-16 branched rays for the anal fin respectively. The anal fin origin is below the last dorsal fin ray or just behind it.
Maxillary dilated at mandibulary joint, tapering posteriorly, the rounded extremity reaches to the hind border of the preoperculum. Origin of dorsal nearer to caudal than to end of snout, far behind origin of ventrals. Anal about 6 mm in length, its origin just behind last dorsal rays. Ventrals much longer than eye, their origin midway between anal and base of pectorals. Pectorals about as long as postocular part of head, far distant from ventrals. Caudal deeply incised, about 5 times in length. Twenty two slender flattened gillrakers with a double series of spines along the innerside, about 3 times longer than the branchial filaments, not much shorter than eye. Scales very deciduous. Five abdominal spiny scutes between pectorals and ventrals.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Engraulis heterolobus Ruppell, 1837
Stolephorus heterolobus Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Stolephorus heterolobus Whitehead, 1973

Common Name (s)
• Shorthead Anchovy (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Planktonic crustaceans


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala, Calicut INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-05

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