Uroconger lepturus   (Richardson,  1845) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Anguilliformes
Family:Congridae

Image copyrights: Rao, Y.K

Description
Size: Maximum 50 cm TL; common to about 30 cm.

Color: Light greyish-brown, lighter ventrally, darker on opercle, the lower surface of head and trunk white; lateral line pores white; posterior parts of dorsal and anal fins black. The lateral line has a row of whitish spots.

Body elongate and cylindrical, becoming narrower on tail which tapers to a point. Head large and snout. Mouth large with a single row of vomerine teeth (10-20). Dorsal fin origin above or slightly before pectoral fin base. Lateral line prominent. Vertebrae: 210, Head small. Skin soft, without scales. Anal fin inserted before middle of the body. Snout produced, depressed, 4 times in head. Cleft of mouth extending somewhat beyond the middle of the eye. Dorsal beginning above the base of the pectorals, anteriorly half as high as height of body or less, posteriorly somewhat higher. On the intermaxillary plate an irregular group of 8-10, behind which about 2 pairs of teeth, followed on the vomer by a series of very small teeth, which is anteriorly a single, posteriorly a double one, reaching as far as about the inner series of the maxillary teeth. Ventral distance of gill openings from each other equal to their width.


Synonym (s)
Uroconger lepturus Day, 1878
Conger lepturus (Richardson, 1845)
(Senior synonym)
Congrus lepturus Richardson, 1845
(Senior synonym)
Uroconger lepturus Kaup, 1856
Conger lepturus Bleeker, 1858
Uroconger lepturus Bleeker, 1864
Uroconger lepturus Kner, 1867
Uroconger lepturus Gunther, 1870

Common Name (s)
• Slender Conger Eel (English)
• Vam (Marathi)
• Slender Conger (English)
• Tolaka (Marathi)
• Yellow Pike Conger (English)
• Conger Eel (English)
• Vilangu
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; Edible; used as bait)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal
Prey:  Small benthic crustaceans.

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Coast (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.27) INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Sasoon Dock INDIA
• Maharashtra, Versova INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 75-179 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rajyalakshmi, I (1995) Raphidascaroides bengali n.sp. (Nematoda: Heterocheilidae) from marine eel fish, Uroconger lepturus (Richardson) Riv Parassitol 56(3) 467-474
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Venkateswarlu, T and Rama Rao, KV (1986) Valid scientific names to Day's fish fauna of India Miscellaneous publication, occasional paper no 87 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI p 48 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bal, DV and Mohamed, KH (1957) A systematic account of the eels of Bombay Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 54 (3) 1-9 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6965/1/088-JOURNAL_OF_BOMBAY_NATURAL_HISTORY_SOCEITY_1957.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Silas, EG (1969) Part-1 Exploratory otter trawling surveys by R.V. Varuna and other vessels operating in association with her from the continental shelf edge and the upper continental slope off the south-west coast of India Exploratory fishing by R.V. Varuna Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 12 7-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/657/2/Bulletin_No_12_1.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-13

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