Ophichthus apicalis   (Anonymous [Bennett],  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T.

Size: 45.0 cm.

Color: Body is pale brownish yellow, lighter on fins and beneath, dorsal and anal black or with a black margin.

Depth of body 26 to 33 times in total length, 2.6 to 3.2 in length of head. Head 8.8 to 9.8 times in total length, 2.3 to 2.7 in trunk; head and trunk combined 1.5 to 1.6 times in tail (anus to tip of caudal fin). Snout rather blunt; cleft of mouth extends slightly or not beyond the posterior margin of eye. Posterior nostrils in advance of the eye, anterior ones in a broad tube, shorter than eye, anterior ones in a broad tube, shorter than eye. Dorsal about twice lower than height of body, commencing somewhat before or behind end of pectorals. Dorsal and anal ending near point of tail. Teeth pointed, conical, in the jaws in a single series, but they may form anteriorly or near the middle an irregular double series, the posterior uniserial. On the inter-maxillary plate 5 stout teeth form a V, the point directed forward.

Synonym (s)
Ophichthus apicalis Bennett, 1830
Ophichthys apicalis Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Ophisurus spadiceus Richardson, 1845
Ophisurus compar Richardson, 1844
Ophisurus bangko Bleeker, 1852
Centruropnis spadiceus Kaup, 1856
Ophisurus Diepenhorsti Bleeker, 1860
Ophichthys banko Bleeker, 1864
Ophichthus apicalis Gunther, 1870
Ophichthys apicalis Bleeker, 1872
Ophisurus apicalis Bennett, 1830
Ophichthys apicalis Mohamed, 1957
Ophichthys apicalis ([Bennett], 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Ophichthus bangko (Bleeker, 1853)
(Junior synonym)
Ophichthus apicalis ([Bennett], 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Ophictus unicolor (non Regan, 1908)
(Misapplied name)
Ophisurus apicalis [Bennett], 1830
(Senior synonym)
Ophisurus bangko Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Ophisurus compar Richardson, 1844
(Junior synonym)
Ophisurus diepenhorsti Bleeker, 1860
(Junior synonym)
Ophisurus spadiceus Richardson, 1846
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Pointed Tail Snake Eel
• Devar (Marathi)
• Bluntnose Snake Eel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Sasoon Dock INDIA
• Maharashtra, Versova INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1916) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A.J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 3 455 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-29

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