Muraenesox bagio   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: 150-200 cm.

Weight: 7,100 gm.

Color: Light greyish-brown shot with olive-bronze above, lighter below; dorsal and anal fins with narrow black edges.

Body is robust and eel-shaped without scales. Snout long; eye diameter 3 times in snout length. Head narrower, interorbital width about 10 times in head. Posterior nostrils only slightly nearer to eye than to anterior nostrils. Mouth very large, its upper jaw extending well behind eye. Teeth in jaws in 2 or 3 series; outer teeth on lower jaw pointing straight upward (not bent outwards), fang-like canine teeth at front of lower jaw and on vomer, median canines on vomer with distinct basal lobes, their bases sometimes in contact. Dorsal fin origin slightly in front of gill openings. Pectoral fins well developed. Lateral-line pores before anus 33-39, dorsal-fin rays before anus 47-49. Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Anal spines: 0, Vertebrae: 128-141.

Synonym (s)
Muraena bagio Hamilton, 1822
Muraenesox bagio Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Muraenesox bagio Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Muraenesox yamaguchiensis (Katayama & Takai, 1954)
Muraena bagio Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Muraenesox cinereus (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Muraenesox yamaguchiensis Katayama & Takai, 1954
(Junior synonym)
Muraenesox cinereus (nec Forsskal) Day (partim), 1878
Muraenesox baggio (Hamilton, 1822)
Muraenisox bagio (Hamilton, 1822)
Muraenosox bagio (Hamilton, 1822)

Common Name (s)
• Common Pike Conger (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, marketed fresh or frozen, smoke, also make fish balls)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic fishes and crustaceans
Predator:  Crocodile (Crocodylus nilotus)


• West Bengal INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Mukherjee, P (1995) Intertidal fishes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 345-388 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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