Macrobrachium rude   (Heller,  1862) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: FAO

Max. size: 130 mm TL.

Color: Translucent, with the largest legs of the male rather uniformly dark reddish brown; tips of pereopods and distal half of uropods dark brownish.

Rostrum with 9-12 teeth (2 post orbital) and 4-5 ventral teeth, reaching very nearly to the apex of antennal scale, the distal portion sloping slightly downwards. Large chelipeds (2nd pereopods) unequal. Hepatic spine situated at lower level than antennal spine, not placed on same horizontal line. Posterior margin of telson distinct, with 2 pairs of spines. In adult males, the larger cheliped nearly equal to or considerably longer than the total body length with the segments clothed with a fine velvety pubescence; tubercles on fingers on either side of cutting edge.

Synonym (s)
Macrobrachium rude Holthuis, 1950
Palaemon rudis Heller, 1862
Palaemon rudis Kemp, 1915
Palaemon rudis Henderson & Mathai, 1910
Palaemon (Eupalaemon) rudis Coutiere, 1900
Palaemon (Eupalaemon) alcocki Nobili, 1903
Palaemon delagoae Stebbing, 1915
Urocaridella borradailei Stebbing, 1923
Palaemon alcocki Nobili, 1903
(Junior synonym)
Palaemon mossambicus Hilgendorf, 1879
(Junior synonym)
Palaemon rudis Heller, 1862
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Hairy River Prawn (English)
• Goda Chingri
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed mainly fresh or dried.)

Habitat:  Estuarine
Prey:  Crustaceans


• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane Bassein Creek System (Lat: 19.17) (Long: 72.92) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 27/06/1986, 28/06/1986, 29/06/1986)
• Orissa, Barakul INDIA (Record: 13/09/1987)
• West Bengal, Basanti, Purandar INDIA (Record: 05/04/1985)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Marichjhapi INDIA (Record: 13/11/1988)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Kolkata INDIA
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Haora INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at -
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamurti, AJ and Nair, VR (1999) Concentration of metals in shrimps and crabs Thane-Bassein creek system, Maharashtra Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 92-95 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Crustacea: Decapoda Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 367-389 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Prawns and shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 289-314 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Mohamed, KH and Rao, PV (1971) Estuarine phase in the life history of the commercial prawns of the west coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 13(2) 49-161 Available at -
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at -
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2004) Crustacean fishery resources of coastal West Bengal and their conservation issues Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 71-80 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-03

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