Parapenaeopsis sculptilis   (Heller,  1862a) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Description
Size: 150-170 mm TL.

Color: Whitish bands edged pink on carapace and abdomen; appendages, pink red.

Rostrum with 6-8 teeth, epigastric tooth either feeble or absent; in males reaching upto 2nd segment of antennular peduncle with teeth spreading upto the tip while in females with its edentate tip reaching beyond the antennular peduncle. Antennal spine large, the carina reaching half distance between spine and hepatic spine; hepatic carina distinct only for lower 1/2 sulcus, starting below hepatic spine and running towards sharp pterygostomial angle. Epipodites present on 1st and 2nd pereopods, ischial spines absent. In petasma, the two halves form a compressed tube with paired apical spout-like projections directed anterolaterally and opening ventrally, distance between their apices almost equal to that of distolateral projections, which is 2/5 total length of petasma. Petasma constricted at 0.7 its length; a pair of very large prominent lateral proximal projections, slightly curved dorsally, ending posteriorly in knob-like processes. In thelycum, anterior plate slightly concave, two low tubercles on posterior edge separated by shallow median depression and articulating with corresponding pair of tubercles on rectangular posterior sterna plate later with tubercle bearing tuft of setae.
Abdomen Dorsally carinated from middle of 4th somite, carinae of 4th and 5th ending in angular, sometimes very minutely spinuous projections, that of 6th ending in a large spine. The third and anterior 4th somite with feeble dorsal sulcus or flat topped strip indicating its position, often present on 1st and 2nd somites also. Thelycum has its anterior plate slightly concave; with 2 low tubercles on posterior edge separated by shallow median depression and articulating with corresponding pair of tubercles on rectangular posterior sternal plate, latter with tubercle bearing tuft of setae.

It is heterosexual and sexually dimorphic. Sexual maturity at 75 mm in length in both sexes.


Synonym (s)
Parapenaeopsis sculptilis Dall, 1957
Parapenaeopsis sculptilis George, 1969
Penaeus sculptilis Heller, 1862
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Shrimps (English)
• Rainbow Shrimp (English)
• Rangi chingri
• Rainbow Prawn
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, frozen, peeled and cooked or canned; also used as shrimp meal or shrimp paste.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Molluscs

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Jambu Island INDIA (Record: 31/12/1982)
• Maharashtra, Thane Bassein Creek System (Lat: 19.17) (Long: 72.92) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Namkhana INDIA (Record: 15/11/1979)
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Harwood Point INDIA (Record: 06/03/1980, 26/04/1980, 28/06/1980)
• West Bengal, Bakkhali INDIA (Record: 19/05/1980)
• West Bengal, Canning, Kurali Khal INDIA (Record: 22/05/1980)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Pathar Jettyghat INDIA (Record: 02/02/1983)
• West Bengal, Canning, Belekhali INDIA (Record: 17/03/1987)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island, Mandirtola INDIA (Record: 14/04/1983, 15/04/1983)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Bhagavatpur INDIA (Record: 27/05/1983)
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 19/12/1983, 20/12/1983, 21/12/1983)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island, Phuldubi INDIA (Record: 11/04/1984)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 01/01/1985, 03/01/1985, 04/01/1985, 25/04/1985)
• West Bengal, Jharkhali INDIA (Record: 10/04/1985)
• West Bengal, Hingalganj, Nazat INDIA (Record: 19/04/1986)
• West Bengal, Sandeshkhali INDIA (Record: 08/11/1988, 12/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Kultali, Kishorimohanpur INDIA (Record: 09/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Patharpratima, Dhanchi INDIA (Record: 10/03/1989)
• West Bengal, Bhangaduni INDIA (Record: 12/03/1989)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• Maharashtra, Off Mumbai INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1969)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari River INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• South East Coast INDIA
• North East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

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Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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