Sepia prashadi   Winckworth,  1936 (Cuttlefish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Cephalopoda

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Size: Max length 14.0 cm ML (male); common mantle length 5.0 to 11.0 cm.

Color: Light brownish with conspicuous streaks on the surface of the dorsal mantle and base of the arms. The presence of the transverse stripes gives a 'Zebra' pattern to the animal which makes this species distinctive.

Body is rather slender, elongate and oval in outline; the anterodorsal margin projects strongly with well excavated sides. The fins are moderate in width, begin a short distance before the anterior mantle margin and extend along the sides. At the posterior end of the mantle they are distinctly separated. Hie head is rather small, as long as broad. The arms are subequal and well tapering. The arms are provided with but narrow protective membranes. The dorsal arms are slightly keeled on the outer sides at their distal ends, the lateral arms are strongly keeled along their ventral margins, whereas the ventral ones have strong outer swimming membranes. The arm suckers are more or less globular in males and arranged quadriserially throughout the length. The outer marginal suckers of the arms are smaller in size than the inner ones in the greater proximal portion of the arms; but at the distal tapering end, the outer suckers are slightly bigger than the inner ones except on the ventral pair of arms. The left ventral arm is distinctly hectocotylized in males. It has two groups of normal quadriserial-suckers at its base. The modified portion occupies the greater length of the arms with prominent transverse folds., The suckers are very much reduced in size, the two ventral rows of suckers are arranged very closely and it appears as though they are set in a single row. The dorsal series of suckers are larger in size in the transformed portion. There are 12 to 14 transverse rows of four suckers each on the modified portion. The tentacles end in short and broad clubs. The stem is rounded, A strong swimming membrane is present on the dorsal side of the tentacular clubs and extends a little beyond the end of clubs, the manus of the club is distinctly separated from the tentacles by a deep furrow under the dorsal protective membrane. The protective membrane are well developed and come very closely at the base but they do not unite. The club suckers are arranged in eight oblique transverse series. The suckers are very much unequal in size. In the middle portion of the clubs, three suckers of the third series are Very much enlarged. The cuttlebone of this species is very distinct, its dorsal surface being pinkish in colour. The cuttlebone is elongately ovoid; the dorsal surface is rugose with granulose texture especially in the anterior region and the lateral margins of the posterior end and bears three longitudinal ridges. On the ventral side, the striated zone is rather thick and convex and has a median distinct furrow along the entire length of its ventral surface. The striations are very closely set and broadly truncated with lateral corners slightly produced forwards. There is a small slender but strong spine at the posterior put which is slightly directed upwards.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Hooded Cuttlefish (English)
• Cuttle Fish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai (Lat: 13.09) (Long: 80.29) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jothinayagam, JT (1987) Cephalopoda of the Madras cost (Zoological Survey of India) Technical monograph no 15 The Director ZSI, Calcutta 85
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Voss, AN; Vecchione, M; Ronald, BT and Sweeney, JM (1998) Systematics and biogeography of cephalopods Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C 1(586) 1-276 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Aoyama, T and Nguyen, T-t (1989) Stock assessment of cuttlefish off the coast of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen Journal of Shimonoseki University of Fisheries 37 61-112 Available at - Zoological Records(yemen-marine)
  • Nateewathana, A (1996) The Sepiidae (Cephalopoda) of the Andaman Sea, Thailand Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication 16 145-176 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R; Rao, KS; Nair, KP and Meiyappan, MM (1985) Identity of common species of cephalopods of India Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 13-37 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-19

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