Pluvialis dominica   (Muller,  1776) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Charadriidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
They are 23 to 30 cm in length, and have a wingspan of 45.7 to 66.0 cm, weigh between 122 and 194 g, averaging 144.6 g.b

Voice: Call- A clear high-pitched rather mournful double whistle tu-ee. Its palatability combined with its natural wariness and speed on the wing make it a coveted sporting bird.

Color: Brown above, spangled with white and gold, whitish below mottled on breast with brown grey, yellow.

Typicaly plover with thick head, slender bare legs, pigeon-like bill. In flight narrow pointed wings without wing-bar, and fanned-out brown tail conspicuous. In summer (breeding) plumage underparts black. On arrival in India (autumn) and before departure (spring) commonly with parti-coloured black and white underparts. Sexes alike. Flocks on wet pasture land, moist grassy edges of jheels, etc.

Habits: Typical plover. Runs about on moist grassland, stopping erect now and again and dipping forward steeply to pick up food- tiny snails, crabs, insects, berries, etc. When one bird raises on alarm the scattered flock follows almost simultaneously, wheeling and banking on rapidly beating wings in compact formation.

Breeding season: Breeding occurs in the month of June. Nests built in areas with lichen are less likely to be destroyed by predators. Nests are built on uniform surroundings that help camouflage the nest.
A female lays 1 to 4 eggs (the average is 4) in June. Each egg is large and weighs almost 20% of the female's body weight. The eggs are creme or white in colored with brown and black spots. The eggs hatch 22 to 30 days after being layed.

Synonym (s)
Charadrius fulvus Gmelin, 1780

Common Name (s)
• Eastern Golden Plover (English)
• Golden Plover (English)
• Chhota batan (Hindi)
• American Golden Plover (English)
• Lesser Golden Plover (English)
• Chhota batan (Hindi)
• Manal kozhi (Malayalam)
• Kalporrukki (Tamil)
• Sonn chilkha (Marathi)
• Soneri batana titodi, Soneri batan (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Hunting)
Importance:  Ecosystem balance
(There is little information available on the role of P. dominica in its ecosystem. Because P. dominica eat large numbers of insects and insect larvae, crustaceans, seeds, and berries, they reduce these populations. They may help disperse the seeds of the berries they eat.)
Importance:  Commercial
(Important shorebirds in both Argentina and Alaska that attract ecotourism. In addition, they are important research subjects because of their long migrations and migratory patterns.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal
Prey:  terrestial snails, insects and insect larvae, seeds, freshwater crustaceans, and insect larvae
Predator:  Arctic skuas (Stercorarius parasiticus) long-tailed skuas (Stercorarius longicaudus)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• INDIA
• BANGLADESH
• PAKISTAN
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA (Record: 08/1986-07/1987)
• Orissa, Bhusundipur INDIA (Record: 06/12/1986)
• Orissa, Sambal Island INDIA (Record: 06/09/1987)
• Orissa, Barkuda Island INDIA (Record: 28/11/1986)
• Orissa, Barkul INDIA (Record: 09/09/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Samuguda Island INDIA (Record: 28/11/1986)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Chattopadhyay, S (1995) Aves Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 561-599 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Myers, P; Espinosa, R; Parr, CS; Jones, T; Hammond, GS and Dewey, TA (2006) Animal diversity web Available at - http://animaldiversity.org.
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Sampath, K and Krishnamurthy, K (1990) Shorebirds (Charadriiformes) of the Pichavaram Mangroves, Tamil Nadu, India Wader Study Group Bulletin 58 24-27 Available at - http://elibrary.unm.edu/sora/IWSGB/n058/p00024-p00027.pdf
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • (1997) Coastal marine environment of Gujarat 178pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mohan, RSL (1989) Some observations on the marine mammals and marine birds Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 195-199 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Lal Mohan RS (1986) Birds and Bird Catchers Of Ramanathapuram Coast Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5615/1/10.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-07-02

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