Periophthalmus koelreuteri   (Pallas,  1770) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 150 mm.

Color: Blackish brown, lighter below. Irregular transverse band. Second dorsal fin with broad white margin, anal fin white. Second dorsal fin with broad white margin, a dark brown submarginal band, below which short dark stripes, bordered with white. Anal fin white.

Body elongate, slightly compressed. Head short and compressed with scales behind eyes, cheek and opercle. Eyes close together. Lips thick. First dorsal fin higher than body, convex, with 10-17 rays. Pectoral fins with a muscular base. Predorsal scales 32-34. Teeth in front caninoid, laterally smaller. Dorsal fins separate. First dorsal fin convex, the first ray is generally a little shorter than the following ones. Anal fin lower than second dorsal fin. Basal membrane of ventral fin moderate to weak. Inner rays of ventral fin anly united at the base by a narrow membrane, which is deeply emarginate. Caudal fin obliquely truncate.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Gobius koelrcuteri Pallas, 1770
Gobius koelreuteri Pallas, 1828
Periopthalmus koelreuteri Day, 1876
Gobius koelreuteri Pallas, 1770
Periophthalmus koelreuteri Careasson, 1977
Gobius koelreuteri Gmelin, 1788
Periophthalmus koelreuteri Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Periophthalmus kalolo Lesson, 1830
Periophthalmus kalolo Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1837
Periophthalmus koelreuteri Gunther, 1861
Periophthalmus koelreuteri M. Weber, 1895
Periophthalmus koelreuteri M. Weber, 1911
Periophthalmus koelreuteri M. Weber, 1913
Periophthalmus koelreuteri De Beaufort, 1913
Periophthalmus koelreuteri var. Eggert, 1928
Periophthalmus koelreuteri Eggert, 1935
Periophthalmus koelreuteri Koumans, 1941

Common Name (s)
• Mud Skipper (English)
• Mudskipper
• Levta
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• West Bengal, Hugli River Mouth INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Devgarh INDIA
• Red Sea
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Gujarat INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kuronuma, K and Abe, Y (1986) Fishes of the Arabian Gulf Fishes of the Arabian Gulf 1-356 Available at - ZOOR12500001320
  • ElSayed, NK and Safer, AM (1985) Enzyme activity in the kidney of the mudskipper Periophthalmus koelreuteri (Pallas) Journal of the University of Kuwait (Science) 12(2) 245-256 Available at - Zoological records
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Wikimedia Commons Available at -
  • Mukherjee, P (1995) Intertidal fishes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 345-388 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

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