Paranibea semiluctuosa   (Cuvier,  1830) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Khan, M.M.

Size: Max length 40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed); common length 30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Dark with a series of narrow dark stripes along the scale-rows covering the whole body except a narrow strip on the belly. Pelvic and anal fins very dark.

A fairly small species, with the dorsal profile much more arched than ventral profile. Snout moderately acute, slightly projecting before the upper jaw when mouth is closed; lips thick and papillose. Mouth slightly inferior and at a low angle to the horizontal; rostral pores 5, small, marginal pores 5; mental pores 5. Teeth villiform, differentiated into large and small in upper jaw only, the large forming the outer series, with the longest in front but no canines; teeth of lower jaw uniform and rather strong, similar to large teeth in upper jaw. Sagitta (large earstone) with a tadpole-shaped impression, of which the big pear-shaped "head" is joined by a narrow stem to the broad, deep "tail" which ends close to the ventral edge. Gillrakers 5 to 8 on lower arm of first arch, with some toothed plates below. Dorsal fin with 10 or 11 spines, followed by a shallow notch, second part of fin with 1 spine and 27 to 31 soft rays. Pectoral fins moderately long, about 2/3 of head length. Anal fin with 2 spines and 7 soft rays, the second spine strong and up to half of head length. Caudal fin bluntly rhomboid or rounded. Scales cycloid (smooth) on snout and below eye, elsewhere ctenoid (very rough to touch); lateral line scales reaching to tip of caudal fin. Swimbladder carrot-shaped, with 15 to 21 arborescent appendages; the first appendage rather long, entering head but an inner branch ramifying on posterior surface of transverse septum.

Synonym (s)
Sciaena semiluctuosa Day, 1876
Corvina semiluctuosa Cuvier, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Johnius semiluctuosus (Cuvier, 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Nibea semiluctuosa (Cuvier, 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Paranibea semiluctuosa (Cuvier, 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Sciaena semiluctuosa (Cuvier, 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Nibea luctuosa (Cuvier, 1830)

Common Name (s)
• Half Mourning Croaker (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries. Sold fresh, also dried salted in markets.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Coastal


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Gajbhiye, SN; Mehta, P; Mustafa, S and Nair, VR (1995) A case study on the impact of industrial effluents disposal on the fisheries of Amba river estuary, Maharastra Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 25-38 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-07-11

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