Rhabdosargus sarba   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 15-60 cm.

Max. weight reported: 12.0 kg.

Color: Overall bright silver grey; each scale with a golden centre so as to form longitudinal lines on body; belly with a bright, yellow band starting at pelvic fin and flaring upward and backward; dorsal fin hyaline at base, dusky at margin; pectoral and pelvic fins dusky yellowish green; anal fin with hyaline base, yellow toward margin; lower caudal fin lobe yellow with tip and lower edge whitish.

Body deep (depth about twice in standard length), compressed. Head large, its length about 3 to 3.3 times in standard length; upper profile convex, more strongly arched from snout to origin of dorsal fin; eye moderate to small in large specimens; mouth almost horizontal, low; at front of jaws, 4 to 6 upper, and 6 to 8 lower, enlarged, compressed teeth, becoming subconical in large adults, followed by 4 or 5 rows of molar teeth in posterior part of upper jaw and, 2 to 4 rows in lower jaw, the last molar in each jaw largest; gillrakers short, few 7 to 9 on lower limb of first arch. Dorsal fin single, with 11 or 12 slender spines and 13 (rarely 12) to 15 soft rays, 3rd and 4th spines longest; anal fin with 3 spines and 11 soft rays, 2nd and 3rd spines subequal; pectoral fins long; pelvic fins not reaching anus; caudal fin forked. Scales cycloid (smooth), more than 50 in lateral line; 6 or 7 scale rows between lateral line and 4th dorsal spine; preopercle flange naked; dorsal and anal fins with a low scaly sheath; a long axillary pelvic process.

Protandrous, external fertilization, non-guarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers. Breeds in late summer season.

Synonym (s)
Austrosparus sarba (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Chrysophrys aries Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
(Junior synonym)
Chrysophrys chrysargyra Valenciennes, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Chrysophrys haffara (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Chrysophrys natalensis Castelnau, 1861
(Junior synonym)
Chrysophrys sarba (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Diplodus auriventris (Peters, 1855)
(Junior synonym)
Diplodus sarba (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Rhabdosargus auriventris (Peters, 1855)
(Junior synonym)
Sargus auriventris Peters, 1855
(Junior synonym)
Sparus aries (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
(Junior synonym)
Sparus bifasciatus (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Sparus bufonites Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Sparus natalensis (Castelnau, 1861)
(Junior synonym)
Sparus psittacus Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Sparus sarba Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Rhadosarga sarda Forsskal, 1775

Common Name (s)
• Tarwhine Silver Bream (English)
• Dhala Khuranti
• Palu (Marathi)
• Goldlined Seaberm (English)
• Natal Stumpnose (English)
• Vella Mattawa (Tamil)
• Chitchillee (Telugu)
• yellowfin Bream (English)
• Sea Bream (English)
• Khrod
• Goldlined Silverbream
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, benthic algae/weeds, plants
Predator:  Carcharhinus limbatus, Ceryle rudis, Hydroprogne tschegrava, Phalacrocorax carbo


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 18.38) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 60 mts)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Harris, SA and Cyrus, DP (1995) Occurrence of fish larvae in the St Lucia estuary, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 16 333 - 350 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Harris, SA and Cyrus, DP (1999) Composition, abundance and seasonality of fish larvae in the mouth of harbour, Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa South African Journal of Marine Science 21 19-39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at - http://www.amphibiaweb.org/
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Indian_J_Appl_Pure_Biol_24_441.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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