Crenidens crenidens   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum 30 cm; common to 20 cm.

Color: Silvery, greenish blue or olive above; darker, narrow longitudinal stripes along scale rows from level of pectoral fins dorsally; fins dull yellowish or olive; the dorsal darkened marginally; axil of pectoral fins sometimes darkish.

Body oblong oval, a little compressed. Upper profile of head in juveniles gently convex to dorsal fin origin, adults becoming concave about eye and convex in front of eye to produce a "nose"; eye moderate; in each jaw, 2 series of incisors (sometimes a third series in upper jaw), the cutting edge of each with five points (3 median points very distinct), outer teeth movable with brown edges; several rows of small, granular teeth within; gillrakers 9 to 11 on lower limb of first arch. Dorsal fin single, with 11 spines and 11 rays; 3rd to 4th spines longest; anal fin with 3 spines and 10 rays, 2nd spine stouter than 3rd; caudal fin forked. Scales moderate, 52 to 60 in lateral line; scalation on top of head not extending beyond vertical diameter of eye; preopercle flange naked; a low scaly sheath at base of dorsal and anal fins.

Synonym (s)
Crenidens crenidens indicus Day, 1873
Crenidens indicus Day, 1873
(Junior Synonym)
Sparus crenidens Forsskal, 1775

Common Name (s)
• Karateen Seabream (English)
• Karanteen (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh (for bait), or dried)

Habitat:  Demersal, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Algae, crustaceans, worms


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Gujarat, Beyt Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at -
  • Al-Shwafi, NAA (2002) Heavy metals concentration levels in some fish species in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden-Yemen Qatar University Science Journal 22 171-176 Available at - Zoological records(yemen-marine)
  • Laroche, J; Baran, E and Rasoanandrasana, NB (1997) Temporal patterns in a fish assemblage of a semiarid mangrove zone in Madagascar Journal of Fish Biology 51 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-30

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