Gerres limbatus   Cuvier,  1830 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Gerreidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 15 cm TL

Scales between 5th dorsal fin spine base and lateral line 2.5-3 (usually 2.5). Second anal fin spine more robust than 3rd. Premaxillary groove without scales. Posterior margin of maxilla beyond a vertical through anterior margin of inner dermal eye opening. Diffused dark saddle patches along the back of live specimens 4 or 5: 1st saddle on nape; 2nd under second to 6th or 7th dorsal fin spine; 3rd beneath anterior soft part of dorsal fin; 4th beneath posterior soft part of dorsal fin; 5th on 1/3 upper caudal peduncle (or extending onto upper caudal peduncle or absent). Dorsal fin faint yellowish, with a dark patch on tip of spinous portion above a line running from middle of second dorsal spine to tip of 6th dorsal spine (rarely broader or otherwise indistinct with growth). Caudal fin pale yellow (often with a dusky trailing edge). Anal fin with anterior half yellow or dull orange, posterior whitish hyaline (Rarely dusky). Pectoral fins yellowish color, grading to hyaline at the tip. Pelvic fins yellow or dull orange (hyaline in Thai and Indonesian specimens). Supraneural bones 3.

Synonym (s)
Gerres limbatus Day, 1875
Gerres limbatus Talwar and Kacker, 1984

Common Name (s)
• Black Tipped Mojarra (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine,Muddy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small animals living on mud-sand bottoms

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Tongnunui, P; Ikejima, K; Yamane, T; Horinouch, M; Medej, T; Sano, M; Kurokura, H and Taniuchi, T (2002) Fish fauna of the Sikao Creek mangrove estuary,Trang, Thailand Fisheries Science 68 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Day, F (1981) The fishes of Malabar 1-281 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sabu, S; Gibinkumar, TR; Pravin, P and Boopendranath, MR (2011) Performance evaluation of bigeye bycatch reduction device in the seas off Cochin, India Fishery technology Society of fisheries technologists 48(1) 41-50 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-17

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