Lutjanus russelli [Status Unaccepted]   (Bleeker,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: 28-50 cm.

Color: Back and upper side of the body are reddish brown while the lower sides and the belly are pinkish to whitish with a silvery sheen. A black spot is usually present above the lateral line just below the anterior rays of the soft dorsal fin. About 8 golden or light brown lines run along the body. The pelvic, anal, and caudal fins are yellow.

The russell's snapper is a fairly elongate, moderately deep-bodied fish. The dorsal head profile is steeply to moderately sloped. The fins are well developed and include a single dorsal fin with 10 spines and 8-9 soft rays, an anal fin with 3 spines 8-9 rays with the second anal fin shorter than the 3rd spine, pectoral fins with 16-17 soft rays each and a truncate or slightly emarginate caudal fin. Height 2.7-2.9, 3.3-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.9, 3.1-3.5 in length with caudal. Eye 3.7-4.4, 1.2-1.5 in snout and more than nearly flat inter orbital space. Mouth slightly oblique. Maxillary almost reaching to below middle of eye. Narrow bands of small teeth in the jaws, with an outer series of enlarged ones, a few of which near symphysis of upperjaw are slender canines. Small teeth on vomer in a ^ shaped or an arrow-shaped patch, on palatines in an elongate patch. Anterior part of head naked. Scales on occiput beginning above hinder border of eye. Seven transverse rows of scales on preoperculum . Upper and lower preopercular limb naked. Posterior and inferior border of preoperculum denticulated. Preopercular notch very shallow. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line oblique, ascending to dorsal profile, parallel to axis of body below lateral line. About 57-62 transverse series of scales above and about 47 below lateral line. Dorsal spine not very strong. First spine less than half length of second. Third, fourth and fifth spines sub equal, about as long as snout. soft dorsal somewhat rounded, as high as spinous part. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is longer and stronger than third and equal to postorbital part of head. Soft anal scarcely rounded, higher than spinous part. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals as long as head without snout. Ventral spine equal to postorbital part of head. Dorsal fin with 10 spines and 14 or 15 soft rays; anal fin with 3 spines and 8 or 9 soft rays; caudal fin truncate to emarginate.

Breeds in late summer season in sea.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Genyoroge notata Cantor, 1850
Lutjanus notatus Bleeker, 1863
Genyoroge notata Playfair, 1866
Mesoprion russelli Day, 1867
Lutjanus fulviflamma Day, 1888
Lutjanus russelli Bleeker, 1877
Lutjanus russelli Steindachner and Doderlein, 1883
Lutianus johnii Ogilby, 1886
Lutjanus monostigma Sauvage, 1891
Genyoroge lemniscata M. Weber, 1895
Lutianus johnii Waite, 1904
Lutjanus fulviflamma var. Russelli Pellegrin, 1905
Lutianus russelli Seale, 1906
Lutianus russelli Jordan and Seale, 1907
Lutianus quinquelineatus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Lutianus fuscescens Jordan and Richardson, 1910
Lutianus russelli Jordan and Thompson, 1911
Lutianus russelli Jordan, Tanaka and Snyder, 1913
Lutjanus monostigma de Beaufort, 1913
Lutianus russelli McCulloch, 1919

Common Name (s)
• Luggambanda
• Russell's Snapper (English)
• Chutton
• Chottommetti
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Rocky


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll (Lat: 8) (Long: 71) INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Mohapatra, A and Venkateswarlu, T (1995) Fishes from upper reaches of Vasista Godavari estuary near Narsapur, Andhra Pradesh Environment and Ecology 13(4) 800-808
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  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
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Page last updated on:2012-01-16

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