Scomberoides tala   (Cuvier,  1832) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size (male): 70.0 cm TL

Color: Body silvery, the flanks with 4 to 8 vertically elongate blotches, most of them intersecting lateral line. Dorsal and anal fins uniformly pigmented.

Elongate and compressed body with a concave frontal profile and pointed snout. Eye diameter 4.5 to 5.0 times in head length, equal to or less than snout length. Upper jaw (maxilla) extends little beyond the posterior margin of pupil in adults. Teeth are arranged in a single row in upper jaw and in two rows in lower jaw; the anterior teeth in upper jaw somewhat enlarged and canine-like in young specimens. Gill-rakers 1 to 3 + 7 to 11, total 11 to 15 on first arch. Two dorsal fins; the first dorsal fin has 1 procumbent spine (becoming embedded with age) and 6 or 7 normal spines; the second dorsal fin has 1 spine and 19 soft rays. Anal fin has 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 19 to 21 soft rays; dorsal and anal fin bases about equal in length; dorsal and anal fins with 7 or 8 soft rays, finlet-like but not fully separated. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 17 to 19 soft rays. Pectoral fins are short but not falcate. Lateral line is indistinct and appears to be almost straight with a slight angular elevation above the last third of pectoral fin. Scales lanceolate.


Synonym (s)
Chironemus tala Cuvier, 1831
Chironemus tala Day, 1876
Chironemus toloo Day, 1876
Scomberoides tala Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Chorinemus tala Munro, 1955
Chorinemus hainanensis Chu & Cheng, 1958
(Junior synonym)
Chorinemus tala Cuvier, 1832
(Senior synonym)
Scomberoides hainanensis (Chu & Cheng, 1958)
(Junior synonym)
Scomberoides tala (Cuvier, 1832)
(Senior synonym)
Chorinemus toloo Cuvier : Day, 1876
Scomberoides tala Smith-Vaniz and Staiger, 1973

Common Name (s)
• Deep Queenfish (English)
• Tollo Parch
• Barred queenfish (English)
• Sag (Gujarati)
• Dagol (Marathi)
• Falai (Marathi)
• Toloo-parah (Telugu)
• Toal-parah (Tamil)
• Parei
• Katta
• Tol Para (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Nekton, finfish

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Madhavi, R (1974) Digenetic trematodes from marine fishes of Waltair coast Bay of Bengal family Bucephalidae Rivista di Parassitologia 35(3) 189-200 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-13

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