Scomberoides lysan   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Trevor, M

Description
Size : 110.0 cm TL.

Max. published weight : 11.0 kg.

Color: Body grey green above, silvery white below; sides of adults with a double series of 6 to 8 dusky roundish blotches above and below lateral line, occasionally joined above and below across the lateral line. Tip of second dorsal fin abruptly and heavily pigmented; anal fin lobe white or pale yellow.

A compressed and elongate carangid, with a pointed snout and a slight depression over eyes. Eye diameter 4.1 to 5.7 times in head length and nearly as long as snout. Upper jaw (maxilla) extending to or slightly beyond posterior edge of eye. Upper jaw with a single row of small conical teeth and anteriorly an inner band of villiform teeth; lower jaw with 2 rows of small conical teeth separated by a groove. Gill rakers 3 to 8 + 15 to 20, total 21 to 27 on first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine (becoming embedded with age) and 6 or 7 normal spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 19 to 21 soft rays; dorsal and anal fin bases about equal in length; dorsal and anal fins with 8 to 10 soft rays, finlet-like but not fully separated, the last rays elongated. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 17 to 19 soft rays. Pectoral fins short, not falcate. Scales lanceolate, conspicuous in large specimens, but not easily seen in small specimens. Lateral line with gentle undulate curve over pectoral fin. Scutes absent, has several semi-detached finlets at the end of dorsal and anal fins, and is covered with tiny needle-like scales embedded in a tough skin.


Synonym (s)
Chorinemus sancti-petri Day, 1876
Scomber lysan Forsskal, 1775
Chorinemus orientalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
Chorinemus lysan (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Chorinemus mauritianus Cuvier, 1832
(Junior synonym)
Chorinemus moadetta Cuvier, 1832
(Junior synonym)
Chorinemus orientalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
(Junior synonym)
Chorinemus sanctipetri Cuvier, 1832
(Junior synonym)
Chorinemus tolooparah (Ruppell, 1829)
(Junior synonym)
Lichia lysan (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Lichia tolooparah Ruppell, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Scomber forsteri Schneider & Forster, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Scomber lysan Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Scomberoides lysan (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Scomberoides moadetta (Cuvier, 1832)
(Junior synonym)
Scomberoides orientalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)
(Junior synonym)
Scomberoides sanctipetri (Cuvier, 1832)
(Junior synonym)
Scomberoides tolooparah (Ruppell, 1829)
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Double Spotted Queen Fish (English)
• Leather Skin Queenfish (English)
• Parei
• Khadisa
• Leather Jacket (English)
• Leather Skin (English)
• Port Hole Fish (English)
• Queen Fish (English)
• Chabia (Gujarati)
• Sug (Gujarati)
• Palameen (Malayalam)
• Dagol (Marathi)
• Falai (Marathi)
• Tallang leather-skin (English)
• Thol paarai
• Doublespotted Queenfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Nekton, zooplankton, finfish, planktonic crustaceans, bony fish

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram Island INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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