Promicrops lanceolatus [Status Unaccepted]   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size (male): 270 cm TL

Max. published weight: 400.0 kg

Color: In large adults of 90 cm or more uniformly dark brown; smaller fish beautifully mottled - ground color grey with broad irregular dark brown bands, often broken up to form patches or a mottling of grey blotches and irregular dark, variegated bars; fins golden yellow, spotted with black.

A large serranid, with a robust body. Preoperculum with a rounded border, its upper edge finely serrated or smooth. Teeth rather small, in broad bands in adults (narrow bands in young); two pairs of short canine teeth at front of each jaw. Dorsal fin with 11 spines and 14 or 15 soft rays, the spines short, increasing in length from 1st to 11th; the soft rays comparatively long, about twice length of longest spine. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 soft rays. Caudal fin rounded. Scales moderate-sized, very rugose.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders of eggs, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Holocentrus lanceolatus Bloch, 1790
Promicrops lanceolatus Talwar and Jhingran, 1991
Serranus lanceolatus Day, 1875
Batrachus gigas Gunther, 1869
(Junior synonym)
Epinephelus lanceolatus (Bloch, 1790)
(Senior synonym)
Holocentrus lanceolatus Bloch, 1790
(Senior synonym)
Oligorus goliath De Vis, 1882
(Junior synonym)
Promicrops lanceolatus (Bloch, 1790)
(Senior synonym)
Serranus abdominalis Peters, 1855
(Junior synonym)
Serranus geographicus Valenciennes, 1828
(Junior synonym)
Serranus lanceolatus (Bloch, 1790)
(Senior synonym)
Serranus phaeostigmaeus Fowler, 1907
(Junior synonym)
Stereolepoides thompsoni Fowler, 1923
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Mottled Brows Sea Brass (English)
• Bridle Bass (English)
• Punni Meenu (Telugu)
• Pilli Punni (Telugu)
• Punnimin (Telugu)
• Kolaygi
• Banded Rockcod (English)
• Giant Grouper (English)
• Rock Cod (English)
• Wekhali (Gujarat)
• Wekhru (Gujarati)
• Kolaji (Kannada)
• Kalavameen (Malayalam)
• Varaya kalawa (Malayalam)
• Varayan kalawa (Malayalam)
• Kolamin (Malayalam)
• Kurrupu (Malayalam)
• Gobra (Marathi)
• Hekaru (Marathi)
• Kalava (Tamil)
• Wulta-callawah (Tamil)
• Bontoo (Telugu)
• Greater Grouper (English)
• Vekhu
• Salai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Subsistence fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish, aquarium
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Turtles, lobsters, small sharks and bony fishes, benthic crustaceans
Predator:  sharks/rays (eg. Carcharhinus limbatus, family: Carcharhinidae)


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Rodney, J (1985) Population fluctuations in some ornamental fishes and invertebrates off Sri Lanka Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 355-366 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • James, PSBR; Lazarius, S and Arumugam, G (1994) The present status of 'Major Perch' fisheries in India Perch fisheries in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 47 1-9 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-11

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