Epinephalus tauvina [Status Unaccepted]   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size (male): 75.0 cm TL

Color: Color of head and body pale greenish grey or brown with round dark spots that vary from dull orange-red to dark brown, centers darker than the edges. A large black blotch (or group of black spots) often visible on body at the base of last 4 dorsal-fin spines. Five sub vertical dark bars may be present on body. Dark spots on soft dorsal, caudal and anal fins of juveniles are so close that the pale interspaces form a white reticulum.

95-112 scales in longitudinal series. Scales on body ctenoid in juveniles, becoming cycloid in adults except the area beneath and posterior to pectoral fins. Pyloric caeca 16-18.

Protogynous, external fertilization, nonguarders of eggs, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Cephalopholis tauvina (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Epinephelus chewa Morgans, 1966
(Junior synonym)
Epinephelus elongatus Schultz, 1953
(Junior synonym)
Epinephelus megachir (non Richardson, 1846)
(Misapplied name)
Epinephelus salmoides (non Lacepede, 1802)
(Misapplied name)
Epinephelus tauvina (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Holocentrus pantherinus Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)
Perca tauvina Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Serranus goldiei Macleay, 1882
(Junior synonym)
Serranus jansenii Bleeker, 1857
(Ambiguous synonym )
Serranus pantherinus (Lacepede, 1802)
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Greasy Grouper (English)
• Greasy Rockcod (English)
• Speckled Rockcod (English)
• Salai (Gujarati)
• Wekhali (Gujarati)
• Wekhru (Gujarati)
• Gaudarufana (Mahl)
• Kalava (Malayalam)
• Panni Kalawa (Malayalam)
• Poochachammam (Malayalam)
• Chammam (Malayalam)
• Panni-kalava (Malayalam)
• Gobra (Marathi)
• Hekru (Marathi)
• Hekaru (Marathi)
• Punni-calawah (Tamil)
• Pulli-calawah (Tamil)
• Bontoo (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish
Reports of ciguatera poisoning)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Finfishes, fish eggs/larvae (eg: Chanos chanos), shrimps/prawns, other benthic crustaceans
IUCN Status:  Data Deficient


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-11

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