Bagarius bagarius   (Hamilton-Buchanan)  1822 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Rahman, A.K.A.

Size(male): 200 cm TL

Color: Greyish or yellowish, with large, irregular black bands and markings. All the fins with a black base and a black intermarginal band or black spots.

Eye small, situated in the beginning of the posterior half of the head. Maxillary barbels reaching on pectorals or not so far. Dorsal spine nearly equal to snout and eye, about as long as the pectoral spine, the hindborder of which is strongly denticulated.
Pelvic-fin origin in front of the base of the last dorsal ray; adipose-fin origin behind the anal-fin origin. Elongate neural spines 4-8, distally expanded abdominal vertebrae 17-20. Absence of sharp ridge on top of head; absence of bumps on dorsal mid-line behind dorsal fin base. Mouth large, inferior and arciform. Dorsal spines (total): 1; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6; Anal soft rays: 13 - 14; Vertebrae: 38 - 42.

Remarks: Frequently caught in the hirakud region

Synonym (s)
Bagarius bagarius Shaw & Shebbeare 1937
Bagarius buchanani Bleeker 1853
Bagarius yarrellii Gunther 1864
Bagrus yarrelli Sykes 1841
Pachypterus luridus Swainson 1839
Pimelodus bagarius Hamilton 1822
Pimelodus carnaticus Jerdon 1849
Pimelodus yarrellii Jerdon 1849
Bagarius bagarius (Hamilton) 1822
(Senior synonym)
Bagarius buchanani Bleeker 1854
(Junior synonym)
Bagarius yarrelli (non Sykes) 1839
(Misapplied name)
Bagrus yarrelli (non Sykes) 1839
(Misapplied name)
Pachypterus luridus Swainson 1839
(Junior synonym)
Pimelodus bagarius Hamilton 1822
(Senior synonym)
Pimelodus carnaticus Jerdon 1849
(Junior synonym)
Pimelodus yarrellii (non Sykes) 1839
(Misapplied name)
Bagarius buchanani Bleeker, 1854

Common Name (s)
• Gurua
• Baghair
• Garuah bagai (Assamese)
• Bag mach (Bengali)
• Gangetic goonch (English)
• Khakala (Khasi)
• Ngaren (Manipuri)
• Kheerd (Marathi)
• Gawch (Marathi)
• Moolandah (Marathi)
• Khrit (Marathi)
• Thend (Nepali)
• Rahti-jellah (Telugu)
• Budia
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, important as a food fish, but the meat spoils rapidly and can cause illness, gamefish.)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Insects, small fishes, frogs and shrimps


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1995)
• INDIA (Record: 1965)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kumar, R (1982) On a new Bifurcohaptor species (Monogenea) from Bagarius bagarius (Pisces) in India Angew Parasitol 23(3) 135-137
  • Karmakar, AK and Datta, AK (1988) On a collection of fish from Bastar district, Madhya Pradesh Occasional paper no 98 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 18264 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Job, TJ; David, A; Das, KN (1955) Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakud dam Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 2(1) 1-36 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-14

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