Pangasius pangasius   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: JJPhoto

Size: 120 - 300 cm SL

Color: Silvery, back dark bluish. Fins hyaline, often more or less dusky.

Elongate, compressed posteriorly. Profile before dorsal slightly convex. Snout slightly prominent, obtusely rounded. Occipital process more than twice as long as wide at its base. Maxillary barbels reach the base of the pectorals, the mandibulary barbels reach to the eye or to the operculum. Soft dorsal twice or more than twice as high as long, its spine 1½ - 1 1/5 in length of head, strongly serrated behind, less so anteriorly. Adipose fin more than twice as high as long. Anal nearly 3½- 3¾ in length. Pectoral spine rather stronger than the dorsal one, equal to it or longer or shorter. Ventrals shorter than pectorals. Caudal deeply forked. Villiform teeth in rounded bands in the jaws, teeth on the palate in 4 distinct patches, the two vomerine patches may be confluent with each other or, according to Day, with the palatine patches. When in full grown specimens the vomerine teeth are confluent, they form an oblong, quadrangular patch, which is more than twice as broad as long.
Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 29 - 32.

Remarks: Occurs frequently

Synonym (s)
Pangasius buchanani Valenciennes, 1840
Pangasius djambal Bleeker, 1846
Pangasius pangasius Nair, 1937
Pangasius pangasius godavarii David, 1862
(Junior synonym)
Pangasius pangasius pangasius Jayaram, 1981
Pangasius pangasius upiensis Srivastava, 1968
(Junior synonym)
Pimelodus pangasius Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Pangasius djambal (non Bleeker, 1846)
(Misapplied name)
Pangasius pangasius (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Pangasius pangasius pangasius (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Pongas (Assamese)
• Ponga (Assamese)
• Pangash (Oriya)
• Pangas (Assamese)
• Yellow Tail Catfish (English)
• Ponnga (Assamese)
• Pangra (Bengali)
• Pongas (Bengali)
• Pungas (Bengali)
• Pariasi (Hindi)
• Jellum (Hindi)
• Pangsa (Oriya)
• Payas (Oriya)
• Periasi (Oriya)
• Eye keletee (Tamil)
• Eye keletee (Tamil)
• Kovailoolakeluthai (Tamil)
• Coola kelettee (Tamil)
• Manga-keluthi (Tamil)
• Choluvajella (Telugu)
• Banka-jella (Telugu)
• Pangas
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen, excellent food fish with very white fine grained sweet flesh, aquaculture, gamefish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Prey:  Snails, mollusks and plants


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1995) Hugali Matla estuary: West Bengal ZSI, Kolkatta 1-542
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sen, TK (1985) The fish fauna of Assam and the neighbouring north-eastern states of India Miscellaneous publication occasional paper no 64 Records of the Zoological Survey of Inida ZSI, Kolkata 1-216 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mishra, SS; Pradhan, P; Kar, S and Chakraborty, SK (2003) Records of the Zoological Survey of India: Ichthyofaunal diversity of Midnapore, Bankura and Hooghly districts, south west Bengal ZSI, Kolkata 65 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2004) AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation University of California at Berkeley, USA Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Job, TJ; David, A; Das, KN (1955) Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakud dam Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 2(1) 1-36 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-13

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