Silonia silondia   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Siluriformes
Family:Schilbeidae

Image copyrights: Hossain, MAR

Description
Max. size: 183 cm TL

Oviparous, dioecious, external fertilisation, non-guarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers. Distinct pairing. Adults ascend from estuaries into large rivers for breeding during monsoons.


Synonym (s)
Pimelodus silondia Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Silonia lurida Swainson, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Silonia silondia Hora, 1937
Silundia gangetica Valenciennes, 1840
(Junior synonym)
Ageniosus lurida Swainson, 1838
(Junior synonym)
Silonia silondia (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Silondia silondia (Hamilton, 1822)
(misspelling)
Silonia silundia (Hamilton, 1822)
(misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Ceylon
• Silon
• Shilong
• Silond (Bengali)
• Silondia vacha (English)
• Silond Cat Fish (English)
• Silonia White Catfish (English)
• Zeelung
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, other benthic invertebrates

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Mohana (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Bihar, Dighwara INDIA (Record: 1952)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • Khan, RA (2002) The ecology and faunal diversity of two floodplain Ox Bow lakes of south eastern West Bengal Occasional paper no. 195 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 20821 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/Mahasagar/Mahasagar_V-18/Mahasagar_18%284%29_489.pdf
  • Job, TJ; David, A; Das, KN (1955) Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakud dam Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 2(1) 1-36 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Karamchandani, SJ (1957) On the Occurrence of Association of carp fry in the fry-collection nets and the destructive role played by predatory fish Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 4(1) 46-61 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Mishra, SS; Chakrabarty, M; Kar, S and Gopi, KC (2010) Catfish diversity of west Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 189-194 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-15

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