Cirrhinus mrigala [Status Unaccepted]   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Baird, IG

Size (male): 100.0 cm SL

Max. published weight: 12.7 kg

Color: Plain greyish

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 1215; Vertebrae: 39; 12-15 branched dorsal rays.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawning occurs in marginal areas of the water body with a depth of 50-100 cm over a sand or clay substrate. A 6 kg female can lay a million eggs (of 1 mm diameter). Widely cultured in India but fails to breed naturally in ponds, thus induced breeding is done. A very active fish that thrives in ponds but spawns in swift rivers. Fingerlings are in great demand for stocking ponds between July and November.

Synonym (s)
Cirrhina macrops Steindachner, 1870
Cirrhina mrigala Valenciennes, 1842
Cirrhina plumbea Valenciennes, 1842
Cirrhina rubripinnis Valenciennes, 1842
Cirrhinus chaudhryi Srivastava, 1968
Cirrhinus macrops Talwar & Jhingran, 1991
Cirrhinus mrigala Jayaram, 1981
Cirrhinus mrigala mrigala Talwar & Jhingran, 1991
Cyprinus mrigala Hamilton, 1822
Cirrhina leschenaultii (Valenciennes, 1842)
(Junior synonym)
Cirrhina macrops Steindachner, 1870
(Ambiguous synonym)
Cirrhina mrigala (Hamilton, 1822)
(Junior synonym)
Cirrhina plumbea Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Cirrhina rubripinnis Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Cirrhinus blochii Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Cirrhinus chaudhryi Srivastava, 1968
(Junior synonym)
Cirrhinus cirrhosus (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Cirrhinus cuvierii Jerdon, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Cirrhinus horai Lakshmanan, 1966
(Junior synonym)
Cirrhinus mrigala (Hamilton, 1822)
(Junior synonym)
Cyprinus cirrhosus Bloch, 1795
(Senior synonym)
Cyprinus mrigala Hamilton, 1822
(Junior synonym)
Dangila leschenaultii Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Henicorhynchus horai (Lakshmanan, 1966)
(Junior synonym)
Mrigala buchanani Bleeker, 1860
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Mrigal (Bengali)
• Mirka
• Mariga (Assamese)
• Mirrgah (Assamese)
• Mrigala (Bengali)
• Cauvery White Carp (English)
• Mrigal (English)
• White carp (English)
• Morakhee (Gujarati)
• Nagari (Gujarati)
• Nain (Hindi)
• Nainee (Hindi)
• Narain (Hindi)
• Mirki (Hindi)
• Mrigal (Hindi)
• Dodda-arja (Kannada)
• Mrigal (Kannada )
• Mrigala (Kannada)
• Venkanda (Malayalam)
• Venkenda (Malayalam)
• Vellaranjan (Malayalam)
• Mrigal (Malayalam)
• Mrigalam (Malayalam)
• Venkata (Malayalam)
• Mirga (Marathi)
• Mirya (Marathi)
• Mrigal (Marathi)
• Mirgali (Oriya)
• Mirikali (Oriya)
• Mirrga (Oriya)
• Mirrgah (Oriya)
• Mori (Punjabi)
• Movakha (Punjabi)
• Venkendai (Tamil)
• Pudukendai (Tamil)
• Mrigala (Tamil)
• Arinjan (Tamil)
• Dudu Kendai (Tamil)
• Vencandi (Tamil)
• Yerramosu (Telugu)
• Arju (Telugu)
• Aruzu (Telugu)
• Ballalamosa (Telugu)
• Yerramosa (Telugu)
• Mrigal
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, highly commercial, aquaculture, gamefish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Prey:  Feeds on plankton, but also grazes on algae


• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Menon, AGK (1999) Checklist: Fresh water fishes of India Occasional paper no. 175 ZSI, Kolkata 366 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK and Bose, AK (1983) Histological and histochemical studies on the ovarian cycle of an Indian major carp Cirrhinus mrigala Zoologischer Anzeiger Jena 210(3-4) 257-262
  • Karmakar, AK and Datta, AK (1988) On a collection of fish from Bastar district, Madhya Pradesh Occasional paper no 98 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 18264 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ghosh, AK (1982) Fauna of India and the adjacent countries: Homoptera: Aphidoidea (Lachninae) ZSI 2 167 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kosygin, L; Devi, LS; Dhamendra, H (2010) Fish and Fisheries of Iril river, Manipur, with a note on conservation strategies for threatened species Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 85-92 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, UK; Kapoor, D; Paul, SK; Pathar, Ak; Basheer, VS; Deepak, PK; Srivastava, SM and Tyagi, LK (2007) Fish Biodiversity in the water bodies of samaspur bird sanctuary Uttar Pradesh: towards developing a freshwater aquatic sanctuary Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(1) 51-54 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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