Thryssa kammalensis   (Bleeker,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Engraulidae

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T.

Description
Max. size: 15.0 cm SL

Color: Generally a blackish spot across the nape, reaching downwards to the scalpula. Fins hyaline, dorsal and caudal generally blackish along their margin.

Body shape elongate. Belly with 23 to 25 (rarely 24 or 26) keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla moderate, reaching just to gill opening or a little beyond in large fishes, first supra-maxilla about half of second. A diffuse dark `saddle' on nape.
Maxillary delated above the mandibular joint, tapering behind, extending to the gill-opening. Upper surface of head with a median keel. Origin of dorsal, which is behind origin of ventrals, about midway between snout and base of caudal. Height of dorsal twice its length, about equal to head without snout. Origin of anal behind origin of dorsal, its length about 3 times in length of body. Ventrals about midway between anal and suboperculum, less than half length of head. Pectorals as long as or a little longer than postorbital part of head, reaching to base of ventrals. Teeth on jaws, vomer, palatines, pterygoids and tongue. Twenty seven spinulous gillrakers, as long as the eye. Scales thin, not readily deciduous, with anastomosing lines forming a fine network on the hinder part of the scales. Twenty three abdominal scutes, which extend to before pectorals, 8 of which are postventral. Silvery, darker above. Dorsal spines (total): 0 - 0, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 30-33.


Synonym (s)
Thrissocles kammalensis Misra, 1976
Thryssa kammalensis Whitehead, 1973
Engraulis kammalensis Bleeker, 1849
(Senior synonym)
Engraulis rhinorhynchos Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Scutengraulis kammalensis (Bleeker, 1849)
(Senior synonym)
Thrissa kammalensis (Bleeker, 1849)
(Senior synonym)
Thrissocles kammalensis (Bleeker, 1849)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Aathuporuva (Tamil)
• Malabar thryssa (English)
• Madura Anchovy
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; subsistence fisheries .)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Detritus, zoobenthos, zooplankton
Predator:  Paralichthys olivaceus, Larimichthys polyactis, Sphyraena pinguis

Biogeography


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Southeast Coast INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/Mahasagar/Mahasagar_V-18/Mahasagar_18%284%29_489.pdf
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3454/1/3.pdf
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-12

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