Sardinella sirm [Status Unaccepted]   (Walbaum,  1792) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Size: Max. size 25 cm

Color: Blue green above and silvery on flanks, with 10 to 20 golden spots on flanks, which become blue black or may disappear after death.

Body elongate and subcylindrical, its depth 4.1 to 5.2 times in standard length; belly rounded, abdominal scutes present but with very poorly developed keel so that belly feels smooth, usually 17 pre-pelvic and 13 to 15 post-pelvic scutes. Pseudobranch short, flat; gillrakers 29 to 42 on lower arm of first arch. Maxilla reaching vertical from anterior margin of eye. Dorsal fin with 14 or 15 branched rays, its origin slightly before midpoint of body. Anal fin with 15 to 17 branched rays, its origin far behind dorsal fin. Pelvic fin with 8 rays, its origin below anterior part of dorsal fin. Scales cycloid, thin, deciduous; predorsal median ridge covered by a single longitudinal series of scales.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. The size at first sexual maturity is 14-15 cm in total length and when the fish is about 21 cm it spawns for the second time.

Max. reported age: 8 years

Synonym (s)
Clupea leiogaster Day, 1878
Clupea sirm Walbaum, 1762
Sardinella sirm Whitehead, 1973
Clupea (Sardinella) leiogaster Bleeker, 1872
Sardinella leiogaster Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1847
Clupea (Amblygaster) leiogaster Weber and Beaufort, 1913
Amblygaster sirm Munro, 1955
Sardinella sirm Regan, 1917
Amblygaster sirm (Walbaum, 1792)
(Senior synonym)
Clupea harengus sirm Walbaum, 1792
(Senior synonym)
Clupea pinguis Gunther, 1872
(Junior synonym)
Clupea sirm Walbaum, 1792
(Senior synonym)
Sardinella leiogastroides Bleeker, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella sirm (Walbaum, 1792)
(Senior synonym)
Sardinops dakini Whitley, 1937
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Spotted Sardinella (English)
• Pulli Kavalai (Tamil)
• Trenched Sardine (English)
• Kareemeen Chalai (Tamil)
• Keerimeen-chalai (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; used as bait in the tuna fishery)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Adults feed on copepods, crustacean larvae, molluscan larvae and some dinoflagellates; juveniles feed on phytoplanktonic organisms, copepods, crustaceans and molluscan larvae


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1995)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bensan, P (1986) Early developmental stages of some marine fishes from India 1. Nematalosa nasus, Sardinella clupeoides, S. fimbriata, S. sirm and S. albella Umila Mer 24(1) 33-41 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Bennet, PS (1980) Pumiliopsis spathepedes sp.nov., a cyclopoid copepod parasitic on the eye of Sardinella sirm Indian Journal of Fisheries 27(1-2) 273-278 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

Back to Search