Hilsa (Tenualosa) ilisha   Hamilton-Buchanan  (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: ENVIS

Size: 460 mm.

Body compressed, oblong. Abdomen serrated. Head large, high compressed. Snout rounded. Mouth terminal, cleft not extending to orbit. Eyes large, lateral, with adipose lid. Lips moderately thick. Jaws sub-equal. Jaws and palate edentate. Dorsal fin inserted in advance of pelvic fins. Anal fin short. Caudal fin forked. Silvery, shot with gold and purple, no spots in the adult, but a row of them along the upper third of the body in the immature; the most distinct of which is behind the upper third of opercle.

Synonym (s)
Clupanodon ilisha Hamilton-Buchanan 1822
Clupea ilisha Day 1878
Hilsa( Tenualosa) ilisha Whitehead 1983
Macrura ilisha Misra 1976

Common Name (s)
• Hilsa Shad (English)
• Pala (Marathi)
• Ilish
• Hilsa (English)
• Indian shad (English)
• Paliya (Kannada)
• Palasa (Kannada)
• Mallas (Kannada)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Maharashtra, Satpati Bay (Lat: 19.72) (Long: 72.7) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1995)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fauna of Tripura (part-1) vertebrates ZSI, Kolkata 365 pp
  • Sen, TK (1985) The fish fauna of Assam and the neighbouring north-eastern states of India Miscellaneous publication occasional paper no 64 Records of the Zoological Survey of Inida ZSI, Kolkata 1-216 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Fish yield status in Chilika lagoon during post-hydrological intervention period (2001-02 - 2002-03)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Environmental Information System Centre, Karnataka Available at - http://parisaramahiti.kar.nic.in/

Page last updated on:2009-06-01

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