Carcharhinus melanopterus   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1824) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Carcharhiniformes
Family:Carcharhinidae

Image copyrights: Moreau, J.

Description
Max. size (male): 200 cm TL

Max. weight reported: 13.6 kg

Color: Lemon brown dorsally and white ventrally or Yellow-brown above, white below; all fins conspicuous with black or dark brown tips also anterior and posterior dark edging on pectoral fins and upper lobe of caudal fin; a prominent black tip of first dorsal fin set off abruptly by a light band below it; a conspicuous dark band on flanks, extending rearward to pelvic fins.

This shark has a somewhat elongate, slender body with a very short and bluntly rounded snout. The length of the snout is less than the width of the mouth. The first dorsal fin which originates above or slightly behind the pectoral fin insertion is moderately large and falcate with a pointed apex. The second dorsal fin is also large and high and its origin is just over the anal fin origin. The pectoral fins are moderately large and falcate with their tips narrowly rounded or pointed. The caudal fin has a black margin along its entire trailing edge. The teeth in the upper jaw are erect to oblique with strongly serrated high cusps. Similarly, those in the lower jaw are erect to oblique but the high cusps are finely serrated instead. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Anal spines: 0.

Dioecious, internal fertilization, bearers, Viviparous, placental, 2 to 4 young of 46 to 52 cm are born per litter. Litter size 2-4 pups after an 8-9 months gestation period (up to 16 months in some localities). Size at birth ranges from 33-52 cm; 48-50 cm TL. Distinct pairing with embrace. Precopulatory and courtship involve the male closely following near the female's vent which could possibly be guided by their sense of smell. Occurs singly or in small groups.
Feeds on small fishes (including sharks) and cephalopods.


Synonym (s)
Carcharias commersoni (Blainville, 1816)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Carcharias elegans Ehrenberg, 1871
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias marianensis Engelhardt, 1912
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias melanopterus Day, 1878
Carcharias melanopterus Quoy & Gaimard, 1824
(Senior synonym)
Carcharias playfairii Gunther, 1870
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias spallanzani Misra, 1969
Carcharinus melanopterus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(Senior synonym)
Hypoprion playfairi (Gunther, 1870)
(Junior synonym)
Mapolamia spallanzanii (non Peron & Lesueur, 1822)
(Misapplied name)
Squalus carcharias minor Forsskal, 1775
(Junior synonym)
Squalus commersonii Blainville, 1816
(Ambiguous synonym)
Squalus melanopterus Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Squalus ustus Dumeril, 1824
(Ambiguous synonym)
Carcharhinus melanoptures (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(misspelling)
Carcharinus melanoptera (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Shark (English)
• Requien Shark (English)
• Reef Blacktip Shark (English)
• Guliman (English)
• Blacktip Shark (English)
• Blackfin Reef Shark (English)
• Black Tips Nilow (English)
• Black Finned Shark (English)
• Blacktip Reef Shark (English)
• Mossikhada (Gujarati)
• Mori (Marathi)
• Neikaplethantee (Kannada)
• Mookan Sravu (Malayalam)
• Khada Mushi (Marathi)
• Balda (Marathi)
• Gunna Sura (Tamil)
• Thalan Sorrah (Tamil)
• Kalakumattai Sura (Tamil)
• Katta Sura (Tamil)
• Koppulisura (Tamil)
• Boka Sorrah (Telugu)
• Nella Vekal Sorrah (Telugu)
• Caval Sorrah (Telugu)
• Mukhan Sorrah (Telugu)
• Ran Sorrah (Telugu)
• Bokka Sorrah (Telugu)
• Raman Sorrah (Telugu)
• Magara (Gujarati)
• Black shark (English)
• Perunthalai sorrah
• Niagra patar (Gujarati)
• Khoda Mushi (Marathi)
• Perunthalai Shark (Tamil)
• Coval Sorrah (Telugu)
• Mukkan Sorrah (Telugu)
• Magar (Oriya)
• Bhundi Magar (Bengali)
• Kamar (Bengali)
• Hangur (Bengali)
• Kattafuli Miyaru
• Badmash Machi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, Generally marketed fresh (as fillet), may be dried, salted, smoked or frozen. Fins are used in shark fin trade, liver is used for oil production. This species is commonly seen in public aquarium.
May become aggressive to spear fishers and has been reported to bite people wading in shallow water. Reported to cause poisoning. )
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Vulnerable to depletion because of its small litter sizes and long gestation periods.
Regularly caught by inshore fisheries.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Open Sea, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes, crustaceans, cephalopods and other mollusks

Biogeography


• East Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Vishakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Periyathalai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Andaman Sea
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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