Carcharhinus limbatus   (Valenciennes, in Muller & Henle,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Carcharhiniformes
Family:Carcharhinidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size (male): 275 cm TL

Max. weight reported: 122.8 kg

Color: Dark grey, ashy blue or dusky bronze on back, belly white or yellowish white; a dark band extending rearward along each side to about over origin of pelvic fin; tips of pelvic fins with a persistent black spot; tips of dorsal fins, pectoral fins, anal, and lower lobe of caudal fin usually black or dusky in young individuals, fading with growth.

Body fusiform and moderately slender. Snout long, about equal to or slightly less than mouth width, greater than distance between nostrils, its tip narrowly rounded to pointed; labial folds short, the upper inconspicuous. Teeth in 14 to 16 rows, the upper and lower teeth nearly symmetrical and similar, with erect, narrow cusps and serrated edged. Gill openings moderately long. First dorsal fin with a pointed or very narrowly rounded apex, its height less than 2.2 times in space between dorsal fin bases, its origin above, or just behind pectoral insertions; second dorsal fin high, its inner margin less than 2 times fin height, its origin over or slightly in front of anal fin origin. Pectoral fins falcate. No dermal ridge between dorsal fins.

Viviparous, produces litters of one to 10 young. Parthenogenesis has been observed in a captive female.

Max. age reported : 12 years


Synonym (s)
Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides (non Whitley, 1934)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharhinus brevipinna (Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharhinus limbatus (non Valenciennes, 1839)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharias limbatus Day, 1889
Carcharias limbatus German, 1913
Carcharias limbatus Miiller, 1841
Carcharias limbatus Sorely, 1933
Carcharias limbatus Steindachner, 1906
Isogomphodon maculipinnnis Poey, 1866
Carcharias limbatus Muller & Henle, 1839
(Senior synonym)
Carcharhinus natator Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias aethalorus Jordan & Gilbert, 1882
(Junior synonym)
Carcharhinus brevipinna (non Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharhinus melanopterus (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharhinus tilstoni (non Whitley, 1950)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharias abbreviatus Klunzinger, 1871
(Ambiguous synonym)
Carcharias ehrenbergi Klunzinger, 1871
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias maculipinna Gunther, 1868
(Ambiguous synonym)
Carcharias microps Lowe, 1841
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias muelleri Steindachner, 1867
(Ambiguous synonym)
Carcharias phorcys Jordan & Evermann, 1903
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias pleurotaenia Bleeker, 1852
(Ambiguous synonym)
Eulamia pleurotaenia (Bleeker, 1852)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Galeolamna pleurotaenia tilstoni (non Whitley, 1950)
(Misapplied name)
Gymnorhinus abbreviatus (Klunzinger, 1871)
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias (Prionodon) limbatus Valenciennes, 1841
Carcharias limbatus Day, 1878
Carcharhinus limbatus Misra, 1969
Carcharinus limbatus (Muller & Henle, 1839)
(misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Spot Fin Ground Shark (English)
• Small Black Tipped Shark (English)
• Requiem Shark (English)
• Common Blacktip Shark (English)
• Black Tipped Shark (English)
• Blacktip Whaler (English)
• Black Tip (English)
• Black Fin Shark (English)
• Blacktiptip Shark (English)
• Moosi (Gujarati)
• Khakshi (Kannada)
• Paduvala Sorrah (Malayalam)
• Pettiyan Sravu (Malayalam)
• Kundan Sura (Tamil)
• Black Tip Shark (English )
• Grey shark (English )
• Magara (Gujarati )
• Khaksi (Kannada)
• Balda (Marathi)
• Mushi (Marathi)
• Pisori (Marathi)
• Walu (Marathi)
• Kudan-sura (Tamil)
• Sorra (Telugu)
• Sorrah (Telugu)
• Miyaru
• Ground Shark (English)
• Khaski (Kannada)
• Sorrah (Malayalam)
• Kundan Sorrah (Tamil)
• Pettiyan Sravu (Tamil)
• Paduvala Sorrah (Tamil)
• Kala Magar (Oriya)
• Kala Magar (Bengali)
• Blacktip Shark (English)
• Gray-shark (English)
• Magra
• Musi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Used fresh for human consumption, hides for leather, liver for oil, also used as gamefish; oil valuable for Vitamin A; Traumatogenic)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The main threats to the blacktip shark are pressures from both commercial and recreational fisheries. Human-induced habitat alteration has also has also been reported as a threat to the species. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal
Prey:  Pelagic and benthic fishes like sardines, mackerels, sciaenids, soles, small sharks and rays, cephalopods and crustaceans

Biogeography


• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Coast INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Red Sea
• Gujarat INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
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Page last updated on:2012-01-04

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