Vitularia miliaris   (Gmelin,  1791) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Shells Passion

Size: Length 41.48-53.25 mm; diameter 22.38-33.85 mm; length of aperture 27.20-35.46 mm; length of spire 18.28-22.32 mm.

Color: Buff or grey, interior white, columella yellow; light fawn with chocolate bands in the middle as well as on canal, spiral whorls with single band on their shoulder, aperture white with light brown margin.

Spire moderate, anterior canal tapering and almost closed, umbilicate, body whorl with about eight oblique varixes, joined by three broad, low spiral ribs and thin lamellae which are highest below the suture, columella smooth.

Synonym (s)
Murex (Vitularia) miliaris Tryon, 1880
Murex miliaris Gmelin, 1791
Murex purpura scabra Chemnitz, 1788
Purpura onagrina var. b Roeding, 1798
Murex alutaceus Menke, 1829
Murex miliaris Gmelin, 1791
Murex purpura Deshayes, 1843
Murex vitulinus Lamarck, 1816
Purpura scabra Schumacher, 1817
Transtrafer longmani Iredale, 1929
Vitulina tuberculata Swainson, 1840
Vitularia miliaris Cernohorsky, 1967
Vitularia miliaris Cernohorsky, 1974
Vitularia miliaris Radwin and D'Attilio, 1976

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 1993)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Neill Island INDIA (Record: 1993)

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tan, KS and Kastoro, WW (2004) A small collection of gastropods and bivalves from the Anambas and Natuna Islands, south China Sea The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 11 47-54
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1994) Australian marine shells 2 1-370 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-08-13

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