Echinodiscus auritus   Leske,  1778 (Sand Dollar)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Order:Clypeasteroida
Family:Astriclypeidae

Image copyrights: G & Ph. Poppe

Description
Test flat, slightly broader than long. Peristome slightly anterior. Periproct on the oral side, in the postrior interambulacrum, half-way to the posterior margin. Two open lunules in the posterior paired ambulacra. All miliary spines similar, no dark colored spines; four genital pores.


Synonym (s)
Scutella bifissa Audouin, 1806
Amphiope (Tetrodiscus) auritus (Leske, 1778)
Echinodiscus auritus Clark and Rowe, 1971
Scutella aurita (Leske, 1778)
Lobophora bifissa (Audouin, 1806)
Lobophora aurita (Leske, 1778)
Echinodiscus inauritus Leske, 1778
Echinus auritus (Leske, 1778)
Scutella inaurita (Leske, 1778)
Tetrodiscus auritus (Leske, 1778)
Tetrodiscus rumphi Lambert & Thiery, 1914

Common Name (s)
• Echinioids (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• West Bengal, Hugli River Mouth INDIA (Record: 06/1908)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam INDIA
• SRI LANKA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1995) Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea (Echinodermata) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 327-338 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b8b_747.pdf
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Poppe, GT and Poppe, P (1996) Conchology, Inc. Conchology, Inc. Available at - http://www.conchology.be/en/home/home.php
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-25

Back to Search