Conus loroisii [Status Unaccepted]   Kiener,  1845 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Description
Size: 50-120 mm

Color: Ground colour grey mixed with pale blue, tan to brown and sometimes darker violet. Colours arranged in blending spiral and axial zones.

The shell is stout and highly calcarious, medium-sized to large, solid to heavy. Last whorl usually ventricosely conical to broadly ventricosely conical, outline convex adapically, straight towards base. Aperture almost uniform in width. Shoulder subangulate to rounded. Spire usually low, sometimes of moderate height, outline variably concave. Teleoconch sutural ramps flat to slightly concave or faintly convex, with closely spaced spiral striae. Basal third of last whorl with variably spaced spiral grooves separating ribs and ribbons. Form insignis with a sometimes lower spire, a less rounded shoulder and sometimes pyriform subadults. Form huberorum smaller and lighter in weight. Last whorl ventricosely conical to distorted conoid-cylindrical with straighter outline. In distorted specimens, aperture wider at base than near shoulder. Spire of low to moderate height, outline slightly sigmoid to concave, in distorted specimens, early postnuclear whorls stepped.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Loroisii Cone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Polychaetes

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• THAILAND
• SRI LANKA
• INDONESIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pazhayar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA (Record: 1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.13) INDIA (Record: 27/02/2003) (Depth: 14 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.13) INDIA (Record: 27/02/2003) (Depth: 14 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Karai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Kasinathan, R; Singarawadivelan, G and Saminathan, R (1997) Venomous cone snails of southeast coast of India 1 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kohn, AJ The Conus Biodiversity website Available at - http://biology.burke.washington.edu/conus/index.php
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-10-15

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