Fenneropenaeus indicus   (Milne-Edwards,  1837 [in Milne Edwards, 1834-1 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Malacostraca

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Max length 18.4 cm TL (male); 22.79 cm TL (female); common length 17.0 cm TL (male)

Color: Greyish or dull green. Antennal flagellum is yellow or greenish yellow. Posterior half of uropods is yellowish.

Uniformly glabrous carapace and abdomen. Hepatic and antennal spines on the carapace but no orbital spine. Sigmoidal curved rostrum is armed with 7 or 8 dorsal and 5 or 6 ventral teeth. Telson with no lateral spine. Shallow convexed rostral crest; adrostral carina reaches epigastric teeth; well-defined gastro-orbital carina, which occupies 2/3 distance between hepatic spine and margin of carapace.

Remarks: Adults live in marine environment and juveniles live in estuarine environment.

Synonym (s)
Penaeus indicus Milne-Edwards, 1837
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Chapda Chingri (Hindi)
• Naran (Hindi)
• Vella Chemmeen (Hindi)
• Yera (Hindi)
• Indian White Prawn (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Predator:  Bony fish (Terapon jarbua)


• Tamil Nadu, Kudankulam INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Invertebrate zoology collections Available at - http://goode.si.edu/mcs/iz/Query.php
  • Simoes, N; Apel, M and David, AJ (2001) Intertidal habitats and decapod faunal assemblages (Crustacea: Decapoda) of Socotra Island, Republic of Yemen Hydrobiologia Kluwer Academic Publishers 449 81-97
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Raj, YL; Wesley, SG and Rajan, MP (2010) Status of Cu, Zn and Cr content in fin and shell fishes of Kudankulam coast, Gulf of Mannar, India South Indian Coastal and Marine Bulletin Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute, Tamil Nadu, India 2(1) 10-13 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • Sabu, S; Gibinkumar, TR; Pravin, P and Boopendranath, MR (2011) Performance evaluation of bigeye bycatch reduction device in the seas off Cochin, India Fishery technology Society of fisheries technologists 48(1) 41-50 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-17

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