Valamugil speigleri   (Bleeker,  1858) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: 14-35 cm.

Color: Greenish dorsally; flanks and abdomen silvery; dark green. Pectoral fins with black spot at axil; margin of first dorsal fin black; other fins dusky.

Body moderately robust; head wide, flattened above, its length 23-24% of standard length. Adipose tissue covering most of the iris. Lips thin, lower lip with a high symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching the vertical from anterior rim of eye. Teeth labial, abundant fine ciliiform teeth in lower lip, similar but shorter, finer and sparser teeth on upper lip. Preorbital moderately wide, filling the space between lip and eye, notched well down on anterior edge. 2 widely separated dorsal fins; the first fin with 9 spines, and the second fin with 1 spine and 8 soft rays. Origin of first dorsal fin nearer the snout tip than caudal fin base. Anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays. Pectoral fins slightly shorter than head length, extending to vertical from second spine of first dorsal fin; pectoral axillary scale long, 32 to 34% of pectoral fin length. Caudal fin forked. Lateral line scales 37 to 40; 7 rows of scales down side of caudal peduncle.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Mugil speigleri Bleeker, 1858
(Original combination)
Mugil suppositus Gunther, 1861
(Junior synonym)
Moolgarda speigleri (Bleeker, 1858-59)
(Senior synonym)
Mugil speigleri Bleeker, 1858-59
(Senior synonym)
Valamugil cunnesius (non Valenciennes, 1836)
(Misapplied name)
Mugil speigleri Bleeker, 1858

Common Name (s)
• Speiglers Grey Mullet (English)
• Boir (Marathi)
• Speiglers Mullet (English)
• Konisalu
• Surda
• Chara
• Nakora
• Speiglar's Grey Mullet (English)
• Mangan (Gujarati)
• Boi (Marathi)
• Mangan (Marathi)
• Mangin (Marathi)
• Madavi (Tamil)
• Boi (Gujarati)
• Speigler's Mullet
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh, boiled, canned or frozen; roe marketed salted.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Prey:  Small algae, diatoms, and other organic matter, both living and detrital, taken in with sand and mud. Fries feed on copepods and floating algae.


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Satpati Bay INDIA
• Maharashtra, Palghar INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Yazdani, GM; Pradhan, MS and Singh, DF Fauna of conservation areas: Fauna of Sanjay Gandhi National, Bombay (vertebrates) Records of the Zoological Survey of India 96(1-4) 225-251 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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