Valamugil seheli   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 24-60 cm.

Max. weight reported: 8,000 g.

Color: Body greenish brown on back, silvery below; upper rows of scales with dusky spots forming indistinct bands along body. Second dorsal and caudal fins pale blue; pelvic, anal and first dorsal fins white; pectoral fin a dull yellow, with a blue axillary spot; upper lobe of caudal fin with a dark blue tip.

Body moderately robust; head wide, flattened dorsally, its length 25 to 27% of standard length. Adipose tissue a rim around the eye. Lips thin, the lower lip with a high double symphysial knob; hind end of upper jaw reaching vertical between the posterior nostril and anterior rim of eye. Teeth labial, fine and well spaced in both lips, sparser in the upper. Preorbital wide, filling the space between lip and eye, slightly notched anteriorly, filling with age. Two widely separated dorsal fins; the first fin with 4 spines, and the second fin with 1 spine and 8 soft rays; origin of first dorsal fin nearer snout tip than base of caudal fin; origin of second dorsal fin on vertical from anal fin origin. Anal fin with 3 spines and 9 soft rays. Pectoral fin 84.5 to 87% of head length, reaching to vertical from second spine of first dorsal fin, with a long axillary scale. Caudal fin forked. Scales in lateral series 38 to 42; 9 rows of scales down the caudal peduncle.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Oviparous, eggs are pelagic and non-adhesive.

Forms schools. Caught using stakenets, barrier nets, and pouch nets during spawning; also taken as bycatch.

Synonym (s)
Mugil caeruleomaculatus Lacepede, 1803
Mugil axillaris Valenciennes, 1836
Liza caeruleomaculatus (Lacepede, 1803)
Liza seheli (Forsskal, 1775)
Moolgarda seheli (Forsskal, 1775)
Mugil borbonicus Valenciennes, 1836
Mugil caeruleomaculata Lacepede, 1803
Mugil caeruleornaculatus (Lacepede, 1803)
Mugil caruleomaculatus Lacepede, 1803
Mugil coeruleomaculatus Lacepede, 1803
Mugil crenilabis seheli Forsskal, 1775
Mugil cylindricus Valenciennes, 1836
Mugil seheh (Forsskal, 1775)
Mugil seheli (Forsskal, 1775)

Common Name (s)
• Blue Spot Mullet (English)
• Magi (Oriya)
• Bluespot Grey Mullet (English)
• Sarya (Tamil)
• Bengu
• Thirutha
• Grey Mullet (English)
• Madathale (Kannada)
• Majni (Kannada)
• Pare (Kannada)
• Kanambu (Malayalam)
• Mallan (Malayalam)
• Avulimeen (Tamil)
• Cheluvakandai (Tamil)
• Chiryakandai (Tamil)
• Gejameenakendai (Tamil)
• Madavai (Tamil)
• Madavakandai (Tamil)
• Manalai (Tamil)
• Velisa (Tamil)
• Bonthaparigi (Telugu)
• Dingliah (Telugu)
• Koniga (Telugu)
• Surada (Telugu)
• Blue-spot Mullet
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries. Marketed fresh and perhaps salted, boiled, canned or frozen; roe salted; bait fish.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Microalgae, filamentous algae, forams, diatoms, and detritus associated with sand and mud


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Contai Coast INDIA
• Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
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  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Boraey, FA and Soliman, MF (1988) Biology of Valamugil seheli, Forskal from inshore waters of the United Arab Emirates: 1: Age and growth Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 30 164-170 Available at - ZOOR:ZOOR12700016216
  • Vazirani, TG (1973) Contributions to the study of aquatic beetles (Coleoptera). 14. Copelatus neelumae sp. nov. (Dytiscidae) Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 70(1) 224-226
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Luther, G (1973) The grey mullet fishery resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India CMFRI-Cochin 455-460 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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