Upeneus tragula   Richardson,  1846 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Mullidae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: 25-30 cm.

Color: A dark reddish brown to blackish stripe passing from front of snout through eye along upper side of body to above midbase of caudal fin; head and body above stripe brownish to greenish grey, flecked with dark reddish brown or blackish, below white with rows of dark dots; barbels yellow; first dorsal fin whitish with 2 large irregular dark blotches, one in distal part and one at base; second dorsal fin with 3 irregular dark stripes; upper lobe of caudal fin with 4 to 6 blackish cross bands, the lower lobe with 5 to 7.

Elongate, slender, its greatest depth below spinous dorsal 4 to 4.25, head 3.2 to 3.5, much longer than high, its rostro-frontal profile strongly convex. Eye situated high up, about in middle of head, 4 to 4.75 in length of head, its diameter shorter than the nearly flat inter orbital space and much shorter than blunt snout. Maxillary rounded posteriorly, extending to below anterior third of eye, mandibula slightly enclosed. operculum with a weak spine. Praeorbital scaly, in young lower, in adult about equally high as diameter of eye. Gillrakers 11 to 12 and some rudimentary ones on lower branch of first branchial arch. Barbels almost reaching vertical through hind margin of praeoperculum. Scales ctenoid, present also on praeorbital. First dorsal scarcely higher than second, its first spine minute, the second highest, 1.4 to 1.6 in head, its distance from second dorsal equal length of base of spinous dorsal. Second dorsal and anal equally high, concave, 1.5 to nearly twice in head. Pectorals somewhat shorter than ventrals, less than 1.5 in head. Caudal deeply forked, longer than head. The body is elongate and slender. The mouth is small and bears several bands of villiform teeth in both jaws. There are two widely separated dorsal fins with the first dorsal fin having 8 spines and the second having 1 spine and eight soft rays. The anal fin has 1 spine and 6 or 7 rays. Pectoral fins which are about equal in length to the pelvic fins have 12-14 rays each.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Upeneoides variegatus Bleeker, 1857
Upeneoides tragula Gunther, 1859
Upeneus tragula Bleeker, 1863
Upeneoides tragula Kner, 1867
Mullus tragula Playfair and Gunther, 1866
Upeneoides tragula Day, 1870
Upeneoides tragula Day, 1870
Upeneus tragula Bleeker, 1878
Upeneoides tragula Macleay, 1881
Upeneoides tragula Day, 1888
Upeneoides tragula Steindachner and Doderlein, 1883
Upeneoides tragula Sauvage, 1891
Upeneoides tragula Jordan and Evermann, 1902
Upeneus tragula Jordan and Seale, 1905
Upeneus tragula Smith and Pope, 1906
Upeneus tragula Jordan and Seale, 1907
Upeneus tragula Snyder, 1907
Upeneoides tragula Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Pseudupeneus jeffi Ogilby, 1908
Upeneoides tragula Seale, 1910
Upeneus tragula Bean and Weed, 1912
Upeneus tragula M. Weber, 1913
Upeneus tragula de Beaufort, 1913
Upeneoides tragula Fowler and Bean, 1922
Upeneoides tragula McCulloch, 1922
Upeneus tragula Barnard, 1927
Upeneoides tragula Herre and Montalban, 1928
Upeneoides tragula Fowler, 1928
Upeneoides jeffi Whitley, 1929
Upeneus tragula Richardson, 1845
Upeneoides tragula Day, 1878
Upeneus tragua Richardson, 1846
(Misspelling)
Upeneus oligospilus Lachner, 1954
Upeneoides tragula (Richardson, 1846)

Common Name (s)
• Freckled Goatfish (English)
• Dark Band Goat Fish (English)
• Freckled Goat Fish (English)
• Galithelakanthi
• Manakkam
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen, also make fish meal, Ornamental fish)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Prey:  Bottom living organisms

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Tinnakara INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1987-25/02/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2004-12/2004)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-25

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