Upeneus moluccensis   (Bleeker,  1855) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 14-20 cm.

Color: In alcohol, back above lateral line brown or pinkish, whitish below, a yellow longitudinal band from eye to caudal, pectorals, ventrals and anal more or less yellowish, dorsal fins and upper lobe of caudal with faded colored bands, top of upper caudal lobe posteriorly edged with black, the lower lobe posteriorly white edged.

Elongated, slender, dorsal and ventrals profile equally convex, height 3.8 to about 4 in length, head somewhat longer, its rostro-dorsal profile evenly arched. Eye 3.7 to 4 in head, equal to flat inter orbital space and conspicuously shorter than somewhat pointed snout, situated for its major part in anterior part of head and nearly touching profile of head. Mouth oblique, mandibula enclosed, maxilla with the hind margin rounded, reaching to below first third of eye. Barbels reaching to behind hind border of eye. Operculum with a spine. Gillrakers 14 on lower branch of first branchial arch and 6 lower rudimentary ones. Scales rather small, ctenoid, head scaly, praeorbital nearly naked. First dorsal acute, the first spine minute, the second the longest, about 1.4 in head, the following spines successively decreasing in size. Second dorsal and anal about equally high, concave, as long as post orbital part of head and half diameter of eye, base of both fins anteriorly scaly. Distance between first and second dorsal somewhat less than head without snout. Pectorals about 1.18 in head, somewhat longer than ventrals. Caudal deeply emarginate, the lobes pointed, the upper the longest, about equal to head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Upeneoides moluccensis Gunther, 1859
Upeneoides dubius Kner, 1867
Upeneoides moluccensis Preuss, 1876
Upeneoides moluccensis Fowler, 1904
Upeneoides moluccensis Seale, 1914
Upenoides (sic) moluccensis Herre and Montalban, 1928
Upeneoides fasciolatus Day, 1868
Upeneoides moluccensis Bleeker, 1855
Upeneus molluccensis (Bleeker, 1855)
Upeneus mollucensis (Bleeker, 1855)
Upeneus mulluscensis (Bleeker, 1855)

Common Name (s)
• Red Goatfish (English)
• Golden Stripe Goatfish (English)
• Gold Band Goatfish (English)
• Goatfish (English)
• Goldband Goatfish (English)
• Navarei (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh or frozen also make fish meal)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Muddy, Coastal
Prey:  Bottom living organisms


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 18.5) (Long: 84.38) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 50-70 mts)
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 21) (Long: 88.83) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 50-70 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 08/2008, 10/2008, 12/2008)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at - http://www.iobis.org/
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at - ipublishing.co.in/jesvol1no12010/EIJES2108.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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