Trichiurus gangeticus   Gupta,  1966 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum 50 cm SL; common to 40 cm SL.

Color: Fresh specimens bright silvery white with semi-transparent dorsal and anal fin membranes, body becomes darker in formalin.

Body extremely elongate and strongly compressed, ribbon-like and tapering to a point. Mouth very large, with a dermal flap at tip of each jaw; 2 or 3 pairs and one pair of fangs with barbs near tip of upper and lower jaws, respectively; a single series of sharp, compressed lateral teeth in both jaws; eye very large, situated dorsally, its diameter contained 6 or 7 times in head length; lower hind margin of gill cover concave. A single, long-based dorsal fin, with 4 spines and 116 to 129 soft rays; anal fin reduced to about 85 minute spinules, slightly breaking through skin, originating below about 36th dorsal fin ray; pectoral fins about as long as snout, with one serrated spine and 10 or 11 soft rays; pelvic and caudal fins absent. Lateral line nearer to ventral profile than to dorsal profile of body, rising toward dorsal profile only anteriorly.

Synonym (s)
Lepturacanthus gangeticus (Gupta, 1966)
(Senior synonym)
Lepturacanthus serratus Dutt & Thankam, 1967

Common Name (s)
• Ganges Hairtail (English)
• Gangetic Ribbonfish (English)
• Ribbon Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; marketed fresh as well as dried salted.)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes and crustaceans


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Estuary INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 19.66) (Long: 88.25) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 52 mts)
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Manna, B and Goswami, BCB (1985) A check-list of marine and estuarine fishes of Digha, West Bengal, India Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 18(4) 489-499 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-06

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