Triacanthus biaculeatus   (Bloch,  1786) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Tetraodontiformes
Family:Triacanthidae

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Description
Size: Maximum 30 cm; common to 25 cm

Color: Upper side dusky silver and lower side creamy silver, with a silvery stripe along midside of body that is continued anteriorly over pectoral fin base to lower lip and dorsally to eye; anterior three quarters of spinous dorsal fin membrane black, the posterior quarter yellow (in small individuals, this yellow coloration may be absent); basal half of first dorsal fin spine blackish, becoming whiter towards the tip; other fins (except pelvic) yellowish to brownish, the pectoral fin prominently yellow; pectoral fin axil dusky.

Head about 3.5, depth about 2.5, both in standard length. Eye diameter 3.7 in head, about 3.0 in snout and slightly less than interorbital space. Profile of snout slightly concave. First dorsal spine longer than head; second dorsal spine less than one fifth of first spine, other spines increasingly shorter. Interspace between dorsals slightly more than eye diameter. Pelvics between ventral spines narrow and tapering behind. Length of caudal peduncle about 4.5 in standard length.
Number of spines in the first dorsal fin: V; number of spines and rays in the second dorsal fin: 23; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 18; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 14; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Balistes biaculeatus Bloch, 1786
(Senior synonym)
Triacanthus brevirostris Temminck & Schlegel, 1850
(Junior synonym)
Balistes biaculeatus Bloch, 1786
Triacanthus biaculeatus Munro, 1955
Balistes biaculeatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Triacanthus biaculeatus Cuvier, 1817
Triacanthus angustifrons Hollard, 1854
Triacanthus macrurus Bleeker, 1866
Triacanthus biaculeatus Gunther, 1870
Triacanthus biaculeatus Tate Regan, 1903

Common Name (s)
• Short Nosed Tripod Fish (English)
• Short Nosed Tilapia Fish (English)
• Hollow Snouted Tripodfish (English)
• Black Finned Triple Spine (English)
• Hollow Snouted Tripod Fish (English)
• Chamat (Konkani)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, plants, phytoplankton, benthic algae/weeds

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 12/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Tongnunui, P; Ikejima, K; Yamane, T; Horinouch, M; Medej, T; Sano, M; Kurokura, H and Taniuchi, T (2002) Fish fauna of the Sikao Creek mangrove estuary,Trang, Thailand Fisheries Science 68 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Day, F (1981) The fishes of Malabar 1-281 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Nair, PVR; Luther, G and Adolph, C (1965) An ecological study of some pools near Mandapam (South India) formed as a result of the cyclone and tidal wave of 1964 Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 7(2) 420-439 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lakshmi, A and Sundaramanickam, A (2011) Biodiversity of reef ichthyofauna in Cuddalore coast, southeast coast of India International Journal of Environmental Sciences Integrated Publishing Association 1(7) 1616-1621 Available at - ipublishing.co.in/jesvol1no12010/EIJES2108.pdf
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-10

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