Trachinotus blochii   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Carangidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Max. size: 110 cm FL.

Max. published weight: 3,400 gm.

Color: Body blue grey above, silvery blue below, the two colors separated by a vague strip of orange. Dorsal fin lobe and base of fin dark, the rest yellow; anal fin yellow, its lobe dark.

It is a robust fish. Its body which is compressed and fairly deep is ovate in young and subovate in large adults.Head profile is smoothly rounded; snout blunt. Eye diameter 3.2 to 4.0 times in head length. Upper jaw (maxilla) reaches to front edge of eye or little beyond. Teeth in jaws small, absent in adults above 200 mm SL; no teeth on tongue; teeth on vomer and palatines absent in adults. Gill rakers 6 to 12 on lower arm of first arch. Two dorsal fins; first dorsal fin with 1 procumbent spine (not visible in adults) and 6 normal, small spines; second dorsal fin with 1 spine and 18 to 20 soft rays; soft dorsal and anal fin bases about equal. Anal fin with 2 detached spines, followed by 1 spine and 16 to 18 soft rays. Dorsal, anal and caudal fins becoming increasingly falcate with age. Pectoral fins short, not falcate, less than length of head. Head almost naked except for a few scales behind eyes. Lateral line straight except for slight curve above pectoral fin.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Scomber falcatus Forsskal, 1775
(Junior synonym)
Trachinotus blochii (Lacepede, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Trachinotus falcatus Forsskal, 1775
(Junior synonym)
Caesiomorus blochii Lacepede, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Trachinotus fuscus Cuvier, 1832
(Junior synonym)
Trachynotus falcatus (Forsskal, 1775)
(Junior synonym)
Trachynotus ovatus Day (nec Linnaeus), 1876
Trachinotus blochi (Lacepede, 1801)
(Misspelling)
Trachynotus blochi (Lacepede, 1801)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Snubnose Pompano (English)
• Silver Pompano (English)
• Blochs Dart (English)
• Snubnose Dart
• Snubnose Pampano (English)
• Fathivali (Mahl)
• Peeyada (Malayalam)
• Ladagoo (Marathi)
• Katattitaka (Marathi)
• Kootili (Tamil)
• Kutili
• Thol paarai
• Naryela
• Permit (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, aquarium, gamefish
Causes ciguatera poisoning.)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, zooplankton, oysters, mussels and other bivalve

Biogeography


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Persian Gulf
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/ index/
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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