Sinularia brassica   May,  1898 (Soft coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Alcyonacea
Family:Alcyoniidae

Image copyrights: Australian Institute of Marine Sciences

Description
Color: Brown, yellow, green, or cream. Polyps are usually the same colour as the general colony, but may be white or yellow.

Colonies may be low and encrusting with small knobs or ridges, tall and abundantly lobed, branched, flat and leaf-like or dish-like, and almost anything in between. The surface of the stalk always contains clubs, and they are generally more robust versions of those found on the lobes. The interior of the lobes nearly always contains very large, complexly warted spindles (rarely ovals). The spindles in the interior regions of a colony are occasionally branched, sometimes to a remarkable degree. Sclerites are always colourless.

In turbid near-shore water, asexual reproduction by colony fission appears common, and aggregations consisting of hundreds of colonies can be found.


Synonym (s)
Sinularia cervicornis Tixier Durivault, 1970
Sinularia dura (Pratt, 1903)
Sinularia triaena Kolonko, 1926

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 03/01/1994)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 03/01/1994)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV and Devi,K (2003) Studies on the soft corals (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 36161 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Australian Institute of Marine Science Available at - http://www.aims.gov.au/
  • Kumar, CS and Venkataraman, K (2005) Diversity and status of soft corals (Coelenterata: Alcyonacea) in Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 232-234 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Jayasree, V and Parulekar, AH (1997) The ecology and distribution of alcyonaceans at Mandapam (Palk Bay, Gulf of Mannar), South India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 94(3) 521-524 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-09

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