Paphia textile   (Gmelin,  1791) (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Veneridae

Image copyrights: G. & Ph. Poppe

Description
Size: Length 30.6-42.95mm, maximum shell length 8 cm, commonly to 6 cm; width 18.5-26.4 mm; height 16.3-20.15 mm.

Color: Outside of shell highly glossy, cream to pinkish brown, with a netted pattern of darker tan to grayish brown zigzag lines. Dorsal margins with distant, dark purplish brown, short and transverse lines anterior and posterior to the umbones. Interior whitish.

Shell moderately inflated, strongly elongate transversely, elliptical-ovate in outline. Umbones markedly anterior, approximately situated at the anterior 1/3 of shell length. Anterodorsal and posterodorsal margins straightish and gently sloping. Ventral margin broadly rounded. Lunule lanceolate, delicately outlined by a finely impressed line. Outer surface smooth and glossy, only with shallow concentric growth marks, but devoid of undulating oblique grooves on medial part of the shell. Hinge narrow, concentrated under the umbo of each valve, with 3 radiating cardinal teeth but without lateral teeth. Pallial sinus deep, markedly ascending, rounded in front and approximately extending over the posterior 2/5 of shell length. Internal margins smooth.


Synonym (s)
Paphia textrix (Gmelin, 1791)
Tapes sumatranus Thiele & Jaeckel, 1931
Venus textile Gmelin, 1791
Venus textrix Chemnitz, 1784
Paphia undulata (non Born, 1778)
Tapes textrix (Chemnitz, 1784)
Paphia undulata (Born, 1778)
Paphia (Paratapes) textile Prashad, 1932
Venus reticulina Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827
Venus textrix Deshayes, 1853
Venus undulata Dillwyn, 1817

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Edible, used for decoration)

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal
Predator:  Repomucenus richardsonii, Cynoglossus arel

Biogeography


• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Goa (Lat: 15.65) (Long: 73.74) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 04/09/1964)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Harbour-Thane creek system INDIA (Record: 1985-1986)
• Goa, Candolim beach INDIA (Record: 1984)
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 18/10/1889, 20/06/1924, 07/1927)
• Tamil Nadu, Mudasalodai (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 10/2007-09/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao (Lat: 15.41) (Long: 73.78) INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-02-03

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